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Elementary School Student Development of STEM Attitudes and Perceived Learning in a STEM Integrated Robotics Curriculum

  • Yu-Hui ChingEmail author
  • Dazhi Yang
  • Sasha Wang
  • Youngkyun Baek
  • Steve Swanson
  • Bhaskar Chittoori
Original Paper


Robotics has been advocated as an emerging approach to engaging K-12 students in learning science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM). This study examined the impacts of a project-based STEM integrated robotics curriculum on elementary school students’ attitudes toward STEM and perceived learning in an afterschool setting. Three elementary school teachers and 18 fourth to sixth graders participated in an eight-week-long program. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed, and showed students’ attitudes toward math improved significantly at the end of the robotics curriculum. Three specific areas of perceived learning were identified, including STEM content learning and connection, engagement and perseverance, and development and challenge in teamwork. The findings also identified the opportunities and challenges in designing a STEM integrated robotics afterschool curriculum for upper elementary school students. Implications for future research studies and curriculum design are discussed.


Educational robotics STEM STEM attitudes Integrated STEM Elementary school students 



This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant Number 1640228. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications & Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational TechnologyBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA
  3. 3.Division of Research and Economic DevelopmentBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA
  4. 4.Department of Civil EngineeringBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA

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