, Volume 63, Issue 4, pp 408–419 | Cite as

Social Presence in an Online Professional Conference

  • Luisa F. Castro
Original Paper


This article is a report of a transcript content analysis of participants in six presentation sessions at the 21st Annual Teaching Colleges and Community Worldwide Online Conference. The study was conducted in order to examine the role of social presence in an online professional conference. How participants conveyed social presence and how it influenced their conference experience were explored. The results suggest that social presence can be established in a shorter time frame than previously thought possible compared to online courses conducted over a semester or term. Participants participating in online presentations lasting 20 to 45 min were able to project observable instances of social presence with two new indicators being manifested that were not previously in the literature.


Professional online conference Community of Inquiry Social presence Online learning 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that she has no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Human and Animal Studies

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Association for Educational Communications & Technology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.HiloUSA

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