Suicide and Additional Homicides Associated with Intimate Partner Homicide: North Carolina 2004–2013
- 1.3k Downloads
Intimate partner homicide (IPH) is a critical public health and safety issue in the USA. In this study, we determine the prevalence and correlates of perpetrator suicide and additional homicides following intimate partner homicide (IPH) in a large, diverse state with high quality data. We extract IPHs from the North Carolina Violent Death Reporting System for 2004–2013 and identify suicides and other homicides that were part of the same incidents. We analyze the likelihood (in odds ration form) of perpetrator suicide and additional homicides using logistic regression analysis. Almost all IPH-suicide cases were by men with guns (86.6%). Almost one-half of IPHs committed by men with guns ended with suicide. Male-perpetrated IPH incidents averaged 1.58 deaths if a gun was used, and 1.14 deaths otherwise. It is well-known that gun access increases the chance that a violent domestic relationship will end in death. The current findings demonstrate that gun IPH is often coupled with additional killings. As suicidal batterers will not be deterred from IPH by threat of punishment, the results underline the importance of preemption by limiting batterers’ access to guns.
KeywordsIntimate partner homicide Domestic violence Homicide Suicide Firearms Violence against women Crime policy Homicide suicide
We are grateful to Scott Proescholdbell and Shana Geary from the North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services for their support during this project. We also thank Kristin Goss, members of the LBT Writing Group, and anonymous reviewers at the Journal of Urban Health for their insightful comments and suggestions.
- 1.Fox JA, Zawitz MW. Homicide trends in the United States. Washington, DC: US Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Statistics; 1999.Google Scholar
- 3.Violence Policy Center. When men murder women: an analysis of 2014 homicide data. Washington, D.C.: Violence Policy Headquarters September; 2016.Google Scholar
- 5.Logan J, Hill HA, Black ML, Crosby AE, Karch DL, Barnes JD, et al. Characteristics of perpetrators in homicide-followed-by-suicide incidents: National Violent Death Reporting System—17 US States, 2003–2005. Am J Epidemiol. 2008;168(9):1056–64. https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwn213.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- 8.Federal Bureau of Investigation. Serial murder: multi-disciplinary perspectives for investigators. Behavioral Analysis Unit; 2005. https://www.fbi.gov/stats-services/publications/serial-murder/serial-murder-july-2008-pdf. Accessed March 12, 2018.
- 9.Everytown for Gun Safety. Mass shootings in the United States: 2009-2016. New York City, NY: Everytown For Gun Safety Headquarters; April 2017.Google Scholar
- 11.Gerney A, Parsons C. Women under the gun. Cent Am Prog. June 2014. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/guns-crime/reports/2014/06/18/91998/women-under-the-gun/. Accessed October 16, 2017.
- 13.Zeoli AM, McCourt A, Buggs S, Frattaroli S, Lilley D, Webster DW. Analysis of the strength of legal firearms restrictions for perpetrators of domestic violence and their association with intimate partner homicide. Am J Epidemiol. 2017; https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwx362.
- 20.Comstock RD, Mallonee SR, Kruger E, Rayno K, Vance A, Jordan F. Epidemiology of homicide-suicide events: Oklahoma, 1994-2001. J Forensic Med. 2005;26(3):229–35.Google Scholar
- 23.Moracco KE, Clark KA, Espersen C, Bowling JM. Preventing firearms violence among victims of intimate partner violence: an evaluation of a new North Carolina law. Final Rep Submitt Natl Inst Justice Pac Inst Res Eval Chap Hill NC; 2006. https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=237359. Accessed 10 Aug 2016.
- 26.Nathan AJ. At the intersection of domestic violence and guns: the public interest exception and the Lautenberg amendment. Cornell Rev. 1999;85:822.Google Scholar