Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 91, Issue 1, pp 176–185

Unplanned Pregnancy in Adolescents: Association with Family Structure, Employed Mother, and Female Friends with Health-Risk Habits and Behaviors

  • Francisco Vázquez-Nava
  • Carlos F. Vázquez-Rodriguez
  • Atenógenes H. Saldívar-González
  • Eliza M. Vázquez-Rodríguez
  • José A. Córdova-Fernández
  • Jorge Felizardo-Ávalos
  • Wilberto Sánchez-Márquez
Article

Abstract

Previous publications have suggested that living in a nonintact family household and socializing with girlfriends who smoke or who consume alcoholic beverages favor the development of health-risk habits and customs in adolescents. However, their relationship with unplanned pregnancy in adolescents has not been determined. We investigated the association between family structure, employed mother, and female friends with health-risk habits and behaviors with unplanned pregnancy in adolescents (n = 3,130). After adjusting for low maternal educational level and low family income, logistic regression analyses showed that having an employed mother and socializing with girlfriends who have health-risk habits or behaviors, rather than living in a nonintact family household, appear to be the most important health-risk factors for unplanned pregnancy in adolescents. It is important for health-care programs for adolescents to be revised and for their strategies be strengthened in order to reach the objectives for which they were created.

Keywords

Family Adolescent Unplanned pregnancy Risk factors 

Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francisco Vázquez-Nava
    • 1
  • Carlos F. Vázquez-Rodriguez
    • 2
    • 5
  • Atenógenes H. Saldívar-González
    • 1
  • Eliza M. Vázquez-Rodríguez
    • 3
  • José A. Córdova-Fernández
    • 4
  • Jorge Felizardo-Ávalos
    • 1
  • Wilberto Sánchez-Márquez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Research, Faculty of MedicineAutonomous University of Tamaulipas (UAT)TampicoMexico
  2. 2.General Hospital of Zone with Family Medicine No. 32Social Security Mexican InstituteMinatitlánMexico
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineMinatilán Veracruzana UniversityMinatitlánMexico
  4. 4.Delegation Southern State of VeracruzMexican Social Security InstituteVeracruzMexico
  5. 5.Cd. CoatzacolacosMexico

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