Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp 671–676 | Cite as

The Prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV, and HIV-Related Risk-Taking Behaviors among Palestinian Injecting Drug Users in the East Jerusalem Governorate

  • Aleksandar Štulhofer
  • Agnes Chetty
  • Randa Abu Rabie
  • Isam Jwehan
  • Asad Ramlawi


Similarly to other Middle Eastern and North African countries, HIV prevalence in the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) is reportedly low.1 According to the Palestinian Ministry of Health, the first HIV/AIDS cases in the OPT were diagnosed in 1988. By the end of 2009, 66 cumulative cases have been reported, of which 71.2% were AIDS cases.2 Currently, there are 36 people living with HIV in the OPT, of whom 11 are on ART. The official Palestinian statistics, however, do not include HIV and AIDS cases reported in East Jerusalem, estimated at 18 cumulative cases, which are notified to and followed up by the hospitals in Israel. According to a study, 25 AIDS cases and 51 HIV+ cases among adult Israeli Arab citizens were documented in Israeli hospitals between 1985 and 2002.3The current absence of HIV surveillance studies in the most vulnerable groups such as injecting drug users (IDUs), female sex workers, men who have sex with men, and migrant workers remains a substantial...


Sexually Transmitted Infection Inject Drug User Cumulative Case Occupy Palestinian Territory Sexually Transmitted Infection Symptom 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aleksandar Štulhofer
    • 1
  • Agnes Chetty
    • 2
  • Randa Abu Rabie
    • 3
  • Isam Jwehan
    • 4
  • Asad Ramlawi
    • 5
  1. 1.Faculty of Humanities and Social SciencesUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.WHO Regional Office for Eastern MediterraneanCairoEgypt
  3. 3.WHO Country OfficeJerusalemIsrael
  4. 4.Al-Maqdese OrganizationJerusalemIsrael
  5. 5.Ministry of Health of the Palestinian National AuthorityRamallahOccupied Palestinian Territory

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