Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 1–18 | Cite as

Neighborhood Urban Form, Social Environment, and Depression

  • Rebecca MilesEmail author
  • Christopher Coutts
  • Asal Mohamadi


We examined whether neighborhood urban form, along with the social environment, was associated with depressive symptoms in a sample of Miami residents. Using a validated measure of depressive symptoms, we found that living in neighborhoods with higher housing density was associated with fewer symptoms. A larger acreage of green spaces was also linked to fewer depressive symptoms but did not reach significance in the full model. Our results suggest that how residents use the environment matters. Living in neighborhoods with a higher density of auto commuters relative to land area, an indicator of chronic noise exposure, was associated with more symptoms.


Urban form Depression Social environment Mental health Miami 


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca Miles
    • 1
    Email author
  • Christopher Coutts
    • 1
  • Asal Mohamadi
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Urban and Regional PlanningFlorida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Georgia Southern UniversityCollege of Public HealthStatesboroUSA

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