Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 98–107 | Cite as

Health Disparities and the Criminal Justice System: An Agenda for Further Research and Action

  • Ingrid A. Binswanger
  • Nicole Redmond
  • John F. Steiner
  • LeRoi S. Hicks
Article

Abstract

Although racial and ethnic minorities are more likely to be involved with the criminal justice system than whites in the USA, critical scientific gaps exist in our understanding of the relationship between the criminal justice system and the persistence of racial/ethnic health disparities. Individuals engaged with the criminal justice system are at risk for poor health outcomes. Furthermore, criminal justice involvement may have direct or indirect effects on health and health care. Racial/ethnic health disparities may be exacerbated or mitigated at several stages of the criminal justice system. Understanding and addressing the health of individuals involved in the criminal justice system is one component of a comprehensive strategy to reduce population health disparities and improve the health of our urban communities.

Keywords

Prisons Health disparities Health care delivery 

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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ingrid A. Binswanger
    • 1
    • 2
    • 10
  • Nicole Redmond
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  • John F. Steiner
    • 6
  • LeRoi S. Hicks
    • 7
    • 8
    • 9
  1. 1.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine and the Division of Substance Dependence, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Colorado School of Medicine CenterAuroraUSA
  2. 2.Community Health ServicesDenver Health Medical CenterDenverUSA
  3. 3.Division of Preventive Medicine, University of Alabama-BirminghamBirminghamUSA
  4. 4.Divisions of General Medicine and Primary Care and Medical CommunicationBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  5. 5.Department of MedicineHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  6. 6.Institute for Health ResearchKaiser PermanenteDenverUSA
  7. 7.Division of Hospital MedicineUniversity of Massachusetts Medical CenterWorcesterUSA
  8. 8.Division of General Internal MedicineBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  9. 9.Department of Health Care PolicyHarvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  10. 10.Division of General Internal MedicineUniversity of Colorado School of MedicineAuroraUSA

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