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Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 88, Issue 1, pp 1–13 | Cite as

A Study of Riders' Noise Exposure on Bay Area Rapid Transit Trains

  • Alexis Dinno
  • Cynthia Powell
  • Margaret Mary King
Article

Abstract

Excessive noise exposure may present a hazard to hearing, cardiovascular, and psychosomatic health. Mass transit systems, such as the Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) system, are potential sources of excessive noise. The purpose of this study was to characterize transit noise and riders’ exposure to noise on the BART system using three dosimetry metrics. We made 268 dosimetry measurements on a convenience sample of 51 line segments. Dosimetry measures were modeled using linear and nonlinear multiple regression as functions of average velocity, tunnel enclosure, flooring, and wet weather conditions and presented visually on a map of the BART system. This study provides evidence of levels of hazardous levels of noise exposure in all three dosimetry metrics. L eq and L max measures indicate exposures well above ranges associated with increased cardiovascular and psychosomatic health risks in the published literature. L peak indicate acute exposures hazardous to adult hearing on about 1% of line segment rides and acute exposures hazardous to child hearing on about 2% of such rides. The noise to which passengers are exposed may be due to train-specific conditions (velocity and flooring), but also to rail conditions (velocity and tunnels). These findings may point at possible remediation (revised speed limits on longer segments and those segments enclosed by tunnels). The findings also suggest that specific rail segments could be improved for noise.

Keywords

Trains Noise exposure Auditory health Cardiovascular health Hypertension Psychosomatic stress 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Craig Ishida and the Environmental Health & Safety Department of California State University East Bay for the loan of the dosimeters used in this study. We thank Professor Tom Dolan of Portland State University’s Department of Speech and Hearing Sciences manuscript feedback before submission. This study was unfunded.

Supplementary material

11524_2010_9501_MOESM1_ESM.docx (4.8 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 3856 kb)

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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alexis Dinno
    • 1
  • Cynthia Powell
    • 2
  • Margaret Mary King
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Community HealthPortland State UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Human Environmental StudiesSan Francisco State UniversitySan FranciscoUSA

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