Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 318–323 | Cite as

Exploring Factors That Underlie Racial/Ethnic Disparities in HIV Risk among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men

  • Robert GarofaloEmail author
  • Brian Mustanski
  • Amy Johnson
  • Erin Emerson


Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) are among the highest risk groups for HIV, and the risk distribution varies by race/ethnicity. Prevalence rates are consistently higher for minority YMSM. Factors underlying these disparities are poorly understood. We examined disparities in HIV risk among a community-based sample of Black, Latino, and non-Hispanic Caucasian YMSM age 16–24. To address gaps in the literature, we examined factors between and within racial/ethnic groups across domains including: sexual and substance use behaviors, sexualized and other social contexts, psychological well-being, HIV attributes and prevention skills, and sexual minority stress.





Data collection for this project was supported by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants RO3MH070812 and K12RR01777 to Dr. Garofalo. We would like to thank the Howard Brown Health Center and its Broadway Youth Center for their help with this project.

Author Financial Disclosure

No competing financial interests exist


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Garofalo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Brian Mustanski
    • 3
  • Amy Johnson
    • 1
    • 2
  • Erin Emerson
    • 3
  1. 1.Northwestern’s Feinberg School of MedicineHoward Brown Health CenterChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Children’s Memorial Hospital/Northwestern UniversityChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Juvenile Research, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA

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