Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 86, Issue 5, pp 745–759

A Multilevel Analysis of Social Ties and Social Cohesion among Latinos and Their Neighborhoods: Results from Chicago

  • Joanna Almeida
  • Ichiro Kawachi
  • Beth E. Molnar
  • S. V. Subramanian


Research suggests that, among Latinos, there are health benefits associated with living in a neighborhood populated with coethnics. While social networks and social cohesion are the proposed explanation for the salubrious effect and are assumed to be characteristics of Latino immigrant enclaves, evidence for this is limited. We used multilevel regression to test the relative contribution of individual race/ethnicity and neighborhood concentration of Mexican Americans as predictors of social networks and social cohesion. After accounting for personal characteristics, we found a negative association between neighborhood concentration of Mexican Americans and social cohesion. Among Latinos, living in a neighborhood with increased coethnics was associated with increased social ties. Compared to non-Latino whites, Mexican Americans reported more social ties but lower social cohesion. Contrary to the assumption that Mexican immigrant enclaves beget social cohesion, we did not find this to be true in Chicago neighborhoods.


Ethnic enclaves Social ties Social cohesion Latino immigrants Neighborhoods 


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joanna Almeida
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ichiro Kawachi
    • 2
  • Beth E. Molnar
    • 2
  • S. V. Subramanian
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute on Urban Health Research, 503 Stearns Center, Bouvé College of Health SciencesNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Society, Human Development & HealthHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA

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