Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 402–410

Homelessness and the Response to Emerging Infectious Disease Outbreaks: Lessons from SARS

  • Cheryl S. Leung
  • Minnie M. Ho
  • Alex Kiss
  • Adi V. Gundlapalli
  • Stephen W. Hwang
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s11524-008-9270-2

Cite this article as:
Leung, C.S., Ho, M.M., Kiss, A. et al. J Urban Health (2008) 85: 402. doi:10.1007/s11524-008-9270-2

Abstract

During the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in Toronto, the potential introduction of SARS into the homeless population was a serious concern. Although no homeless individual in Toronto contracted SARS, the outbreak highlighted the need to develop an outbreak preparedness plan that accounts for unique issues related to homeless people. We conducted key informant interviews with homeless service providers and public health officials (n = 17) and identified challenges specific to the homeless population in the areas of communication, infection control, isolation and quarantine, and resource allocation. Planning for future outbreaks should take into account the need to (1) develop systems that enable rapid two-way communication between public health officials and homeless service providers, (2) ensure that homeless service providers have access to infection control supplies and staff training, (3) prepare for possible homeless shelter closures due to staff shortages or high attack rates among clients, and (4) plan for where and how clinically ill homeless individuals will be isolated and treated. The Toronto SARS experience provided insights that are relevant to response planning for future outbreaks in cities with substantial numbers of homeless individuals.

Keywords

Contact tracing Disease outbreaks Homeless persons Human Influenza Patient isolation Quarantine Severe acute respiratory syndrome. 

Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheryl S. Leung
    • 1
  • Minnie M. Ho
    • 1
  • Alex Kiss
    • 2
  • Adi V. Gundlapalli
    • 3
    • 4
  • Stephen W. Hwang
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Centre for Research on Inner City Health, The Keenan Research Centre in the Li Ka Shing Knowledge InstituteSt. Michael’s HospitalTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Research Design and BiostatisticsSunnybrook Health Sciences CentreTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Wasatch Homeless Health Care, Inc.Salt Lake CityUSA
  4. 4.Division of Clinical EpidemiologyUniversity of Utah School of MedicineSalt Lake CityUSA
  5. 5.Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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