Journal of Urban Health

, Volume 85, Issue 3, pp 411–427 | Cite as

Vicarious Exposure to Terrorist Attacks and Substance Use: Results from an Urban Household Survey

  • Adam M. Lippert
  • Michael Fendrich
  • Timothy P. Johnson


This study investigated the impact of the 9/11 attacks on substance use in Chicago, Illinois. The study design was a cross-sectional, audio-computer-assisted self-interview survey conducted in 2001 and 2002. Biological samples were also collected for toxicological analyses. Using a multistage area probability design, residents between the ages of 18 and 40 years were randomly selected. Compared to pre-9/11 interviewees, post-9/11 interviewees showed significantly less self-reported marijuana use, marijuana use per test results, and cocaine use per test results. Law enforcement and social–structural explanations for the findings are discussed.


Substance use Disasters Epidemiology Terrorist attacks PTSD 


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Copyright information

© The New York Academy of Medicine 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adam M. Lippert
    • 1
    • 4
  • Michael Fendrich
    • 1
    • 2
  • Timothy P. Johnson
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Addiction and Behavioral Health ResearchMilwaukeeUSA
  2. 2.Helen Bader School of Social WelfareUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  3. 3.Survey Research LaboratoryUniversity of Illinois-ChicagoChicagoUSA
  4. 4.University of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA

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