Niraparib: A Review in Ovarian Cancer
Niraparib (Zejula®), a poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor, is approved for the maintenance treatment of recurrent, epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer in patients who are in complete or partial response to platinum-based chemotherapy. Approval was based on the results of the randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III NOVA trial. In NOVA, niraparib significantly prolonged progression-free survival (primary endpoint), chemotherapy-free interval and time to first subsequent therapy compared with placebo in patients with recurrent, platinum-sensitive, high grade serous ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer. The beneficial effects of niraparib were consistent regardless of BRCA mutation or homologous recombination deficiency (HRD) status. Niraparib had a manageable tolerability profile, with the majority of grade 3 or 4 adverse events being haematologic abnormalities (e.g. thrombocytopenia, anaemia, neutropenia). Adverse events were generally well managed with dose interruption or modification of niraparib. Current evidence suggests that niraparib is an effective new option with a manageable tolerability profile for the maintenance treatment of recurrent, platinum-sensitive epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer in adults, with or without BRCA1/2 mutation or HRD.
During the peer review process, the manufacturer of niraparib was also offered an opportunity to review this article. Changes resulting from comments received were made on the basis of scientific and editorial merit.
Compliance with Ethical Standards
The preparation of this review was not supported by any external funding.
Conflicts of Interest
Young-A Heo and Sean Duggan are salaried employees of Adis/Springer, are responsible for the article content and declare no relevant conflicts of interest.
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