Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing

, Volume 57, Issue 11, pp 2373–2387 | Cite as

Design a prototype for automated patient diagnosis in wireless sensor networks

  • Ayyasamy Ayyanar
  • Maruthavanan Archana
  • Y. Harold Robinson
  • E. Golden Julie
  • Raghvendra Kumar
  • Le Hoang SonEmail author
Original Article


It is indeed necessary to design of an elderly support mobile healthcare and monitoring system on wireless sensor network (WSN) for dynamic monitoring. It comes from the need for maintenance of healthcare among patients and elderly people that leads to the demand on change in traditional monitoring approaches among chronic disease patients and alert on acute events. In this paper, we propose a new automated patient diagnosis called automated patient diagnosis (AUPA) using ATmega microcontrollers over environmental sensors. AUPA monitors and aggregates data from patients through network connected over web server and mobile network. The scheme supports variable data management and route establishment. Data transfer is established using adaptive route discovery and management approaches. AUPA supports minimizing packet loss and delay, handling erroneous data, and providing optimized decision-making for healthcare support. The performance of AUPA’s QoS approach is tested using a set of health-related sensors which gather the patient’s data over variable period of time and send from a source to destination AUPA node. Experimental results show that AUPA outperforms the existing schemes, namely SPIN and LEACH, with minimal signal loss rate and a better neighborhood node selection and link selection. It diminishes the jitter compared to the related algorithms.

Graphical abstract

Stack architecture of AUPA


AUPA QoS WSN Route management Microcontroller Sensors 


Authors’ contribution

All authors have checked and agreed to the submission.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


This research does not involve any human or animal participation.


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Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and TechnologyAnnamalai UniversityChidambaramIndia
  2. 2.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringSCAD College of Engineering and TechnologyTirunelveliIndia
  3. 3.Department of Computer Science and EngineeringAnna University Regional CampusTirunelveliIndia
  4. 4.LNCT Group of CollegeJabalpurIndia
  5. 5.Institute of Research and DevelopmentDuy Tan UniversityDa NangVietnam
  6. 6.VNU Information Technology InstituteVietnam National UniversityHanoiVietnam

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