Absolute radiotracer concentration measurement using whole-body solid-state SPECT/CT technology: in vivo/in vitro validation
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The accuracy of recently approved quantitative clinical software was determined by comparing in vivo/in vitro measurements for a solid-state cadmium-zinc-telluride SPECT/CT (single photon emission computed tomography/x-ray computed tomography) camera. Bone SPECT/CT, including the pelvic region in the field of view, was performed on 16 patients using technetium-99m methylene diphosphonic acid as a radiotracer. After imaging, urine samples from each patient provided for the measurement of in vitro radiopharmaceutical concentrations. From the SPECT/CT images, three users measured in vivo radiotracer concentration and standardized uptake value (SUV) for the bladder using quantitative software (Q.Metrix, GE Healthcare). Linear regression was used to validate any in vivo/in vitro identity relations (ideally slope = 1, intercept = 0), within a 95% confidence interval (CI). Thirteen in vivo/in vitro pairs were available for further analysis, after rejecting two as clinically irrelevant (SUVs > 100 g/mL) and one as an outlier (via Cook’s distance calculations). All linear regressions (R2 ≥ 0.85, P < 0.0001) provided identity in vivo/in vitro relations (95% CI), with SUV averages from all users giving a slope of 0.99 ± 0.25 and intercept of 0.14 ± 5.15 g/mL. The average in vivo/in vitro residual difference was < 20%. Solid-state SPECT/CT imaging can reliably provide in vivo urinary bladder radiotracer concentrations within approximately 20% accuracy. This practical, non-invasive, in vivo quantitation method can potentially improve diagnosis and assessment of response to treatment.
KeywordsSPECT/CT Quantitation Cadmium-zinc-telluride CZT
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
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