A comprehensive survey of wearable and wireless ECG monitoring systems for older adults

  • Mirza Mansoor Baig
  • Hamid Gholamhosseini
  • Martin J. Connolly
Review Article

Abstract

Wearable health monitoring is an emerging technology for continuous monitoring of vital signs including the electrocardiogram (ECG). This signal is widely adopted to diagnose and assess major health risks and chronic cardiac diseases. This paper focuses on reviewing wearable ECG monitoring systems in the form of wireless, mobile and remote technologies related to older adults. Furthermore, the efficiency, user acceptability, strategies and recommendations on improving current ECG monitoring systems with an overview of the design and modelling are presented. In this paper, over 120 ECG monitoring systems were reviewed and classified into smart wearable, wireless, mobile ECG monitoring systems with related signal processing algorithms. The results of the review suggest that most research in wearable ECG monitoring systems focus on the older adults and this technology has been adopted in aged care facilitates. Moreover, it is shown that how mobile telemedicine systems have evolved and how advances in wearable wireless textile-based systems could ensure better quality of healthcare delivery. The main drawbacks of deployed ECG monitoring systems including imposed limitations on patients, short battery life, lack of user acceptability and medical professional’s feedback, and lack of security and privacy of essential data have been also discussed.

Keywords

Wearable monitoring systems Wireless ECG monitoring systems ECG tele-health care Mobile monitoring systems Expert ECG systems 

Notes

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© International Federation for Medical and Biological Engineering 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mirza Mansoor Baig
    • 1
  • Hamid Gholamhosseini
    • 1
  • Martin J. Connolly
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Electronics EngineeringSchool of Engineering Auckland University of TechnologyAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.Freemasons’ Professor of Geriatric MedicineUniversity of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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