Advertisement

Frontiers of Education in China

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 364–386 | Cite as

Resurgence of the Study of China’s Christian Higher Education since 1980s

  • Peter Tze Ming NgEmail author
Research Article

Abstract

Christian higher education (CHE) had been totally disappeared from the China mainland since the 1950s, and related studies only revived in the past 40 years since Deng Xiaoping’s reform and opening up policy in 1978. The present paper is an attempt to report what had happened in the past 40 years, and to illustrate some significant contributions the resurgence of the study of CHE had made to the academia in the development of higher education in China. New forms of representation of CHE are found and new approaches to the study of CHE are also explored.

Keywords

Christian higher education (CHE) reform and opening up China university education Christian colleges Zhang Kaiyuan 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bays, D. H. (Ed.). (1996). Christianity in China: From the eighteenth century to the present. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bays, D. H. (2012). A new history of Christianity in China. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.Google Scholar
  3. Carpenter, J, Glanzer, P. L, & Lantinga, N. S. (2014). (Eds.). Christian higher education: A global reconnaissance. Grand Rapids, MI: Wm B. Eerdmans.Google Scholar
  4. Chen, Y. (2013). 燕京大学1919−1952 [Yenching University 1919–1952]. 杭州, 中国: 浙江 人民出版社 [Hangzhou, China: Zhejiang People’s Publishing House].Google Scholar
  5. Chen, Y. T. (2016). The Chinese Christology of T. C. Chao. Boston, MA: Brill.Google Scholar
  6. Chu, S. J. (1995). Wu Leichuan: A Confucian-Christian in Republican China. New York, NY: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  7. Coe, J. L. (1962). Huachung (Huazhong) University. New York, NY: United Board for Christian Higher Education in Asia.Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, P. A. (1984). Discovering history in China: American historical writing on the recent Chinese past. New York, NY: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
  9. Department of Science and Education, National Archives Administration of China. (1991). 档 案事业四十年论文集 [Essays on the development of archives in the past 40 years]. 北京, 中国: 档案出版社 [Beijing, China: Archives Publishing House].Google Scholar
  10. Fairbank, J. K. (1969). Assignment for the 1970s. The American Historical Review, 74(3), 861–879.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gu, X. J, Lin, W, & Wu, Z. H. (1994). (Eds.). 中国教会大学史论丛 [Essays on Christian higher education in China]. 成都, 中国: 成都科技大学出版社 [Chengdu, China: The University of Science and Technology Press].Google Scholar
  12. Harrison, B. (1979). Waiting for China: The Anglo-Chinese College at Malacca, 1818–1843. Hong Kong, China: Hong Kong University Press.Google Scholar
  13. He, G. H. (2003). 基督教研究对中国学术的意义 [Christian studies and its significance for Chinese academia]. In X. P. Zhuo & J. Sayer. (Eds.), 基督宗教与当代社会国际学术研讨 会文集 [Proceedings of the International Conference of the Christian Religion and Contemporary Society] (pp. 144–151). 北京, 中国: 宗教文化出版社 [Beijing, China: Religious Culture Press].Google Scholar
  14. He, X. X, & Shi, J. H. (1996). 教会学校与中国教育近代化 [Church schools and the modernization of Chinese education]. 广州, 中国: 广东教育出版社 [Guangzhou, China: Guangdong Education Publishing House].Google Scholar
  15. Hu, H.-L. (2000). American goddess at the Rape of Nanking: The courage of Minnie Vautrin. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hui, D. H. M. (2017). A study of T. C. Chao’s Christology in the social context of China (1920–1949). Oxford, UK: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  17. Jin, K. T. (2017). 华西坝文化——华西协合大学厚重的沉积 [The culture of Huaxiba: The heritage of West China Union University]. 北京, 中国: 中国文化出版社 [Beijing, China: China Culture Publishing House].Google Scholar
  18. Leung, P. Y. S. (2002). Chinese studies at Christian colleges in modern China: From periphery to core. In P. T. M. Ng (Ed.), Changing paradigms of Christian higher education in China (1888–1950) (pp. 129–153). Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  19. Leung, P. Y. S, et al. (Eds.). (2007). Christian response to Asian challenges: A glocalization view on Christian higher education in East Asia. Hong Kong, China: Center for the Study of Religion and Chinese Society, Chung Chi College, the Chinese University of Hong Kong.Google Scholar
  20. Leung, W. T. (2018). Christian higher education in a globalizing world: A co-creation story. In P. T. M. Ng, W. T. Leung, & V. K. T. Mak (Eds.), Christian mind in the emerging world: Faith integration in Asian contexts and global perspectives. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.Google Scholar
  21. Lin, P. C. P. (Ed.). (1992). 中国基督教大学论文集: 基督教大学教育在中国现代化过程中 所扮演的角色及其影响国际学术研讨会论文集 [Proceedings of the Influence and Contribution of Christian Colleges/Universities in the Modernization of China International Conference]. 台北, 中国: 财团法人基督教宇宙光传播中心出版社 [Taipei, China: Cosmic Light Media Center].Google Scholar
  22. Liu, J. F, & Liu, T. L. (2003). 抗日战争时期的基督教大学 [Christian colleges in China during the Anti-Japanese War]. 福州, 中国: 福建教育出版社 [Fuzhou, China: Fujian Education Press].Google Scholar
  23. Liu, X. (2013). 学术与信仰——宗教史家陈垣研究 [Religious studies and Christian faith: The life and work of Chen Yuan]. 北京, 中国: 中国社会科学出版社 [Beijing, China: China Social Sciences Press].Google Scholar
  24. Liu, Y. (2016). 信仰•知识•人格——王曾善 (1903–1961) 与中国—土耳其的人文交往 [Faith, Knowledge and Personality: Wang Zengshan (1903–1961) and cultural exchanges between China and Turkey]. 世界宗教研究 [Study in World Religions], (1), 159–170.Google Scholar
  25. Lutz, J. (1971). China and the Christian College, 1850–1950. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.Google Scholar
  26. Lutz, J. (2001). China and Protestantism: Historical perspectives. In S. Jr. Uhalley & X. X. Wu (Eds.), Christianity and China: Burdened past, hopeful future (pp. 179–194). Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe.Google Scholar
  27. Ma, M. (1996). 教会大学的国际化特色——华中大学个案分析 [The international character of Christian university: The case of Huazhong University]. In K. Y. Zhang (Ed.), 文化传播与教会大学 [Transmission of cultures and Christian universities]. (pp. 74–110).武汉, 中国: 湖北教育出版社 [Wuhan, China: Hubei Education Press].Google Scholar
  28. Ma, M. (2006). 拓宽历史的视野: 诠释与思考 [Widening the historical perspectives: Interpretation and critical thinking]. 武汉, 中国: 华中师范大学出版社 [Wuhan, China: Huazhong Normal University Press].Google Scholar
  29. Milne, W. (1820). A retrospect of the first ten years of the Protestant mission to China. Malacca, Malaysia: Anglo-Chinese (College) Press.Google Scholar
  30. Ng, P. T. M. (2001a). Paradigm shift and the state of the field in the study of Christian higher education in China. Cahiers d’Extreme-Asie, 12(1), 127–140. https://doi.org/10.3406/asie.2001.1167 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Ng, P. T. M. (Ed.). (2001b). 基督教大学华人校长研究 [A study of Chinese presidents in Christian colleges in China]. 福州, 中国: 福建教育出版社 [Fuzhou, China: Fujian Education Press.]Google Scholar
  32. Ng, P. T. M. (2002). Changing paradigms of Christian higher education in China (1888–1950). Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  33. Ng, P. T. M. (2006). 基督宗教与中国大学教育 [Christianity and university education in China]. 北京, 中国: 中国社会科学出版社 [Beijing, China: China Social Sciences Press].Google Scholar
  34. Ng, P. T. M. (2007). 全球地域化: 中国教会大学史研究的新视角 [Glocalization: A new research perspective on the history of China’s missionary universities]. 历史研究 [Historical Research], (1), 180–188Google Scholar
  35. Ng, P. T. M. (2009). From “cultural imperialism” to “cultural exchange”: Christian higher education in China revisited. In J. A. B. Jongeneel, P. T. M. Ng, C. K. Paek, & S. W. Sunquist (Eds.), Christian mission and education in modern China, Japan, and Korea: Historical studies (pp. 43–53). New York, NY: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  36. Ng, P. T. M. (2012). Some scenarios of the impact of Boxer Movement on Christian education in China. In P. T. M. Ng, Chinese Christianity: An interplay between global and local perspectives (pp. 43–66). Leiden, Netherlands: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Ng, P. T. M. (2016). 对中国教会大学的再审视 [Reflections on the Christian higher education in China]. 海峡教育研究 [Cross-Strait Education Research], (1), 64–71.Google Scholar
  38. Ng, P. T. M. (2017). 30 年来中国教会大学史研究的反思 [Reflections on the study of the history of Christian higher education in China, 1986–2015]. 香港, 中国: 香港中文大学 崇基学院宗教与中国社会研究中心 [Hong Kong, China: Center for the Study of Religion and Chinese Society, Chung Chi College of the Chinese University of Hong Kong].Google Scholar
  39. Ng, P. T. M. (2018). Re-defining “Globalization” and “Christian Mission”: Contemporary understanding of world Christianity and Chinese Christianity. In C.-T. Kuo, F-C Chou, & S.-C. Iap (Eds.), Transfiguration of Chinese Christianity: Localization and globalization (pp. 77–90). Taipei, China: Chengchi University Press.Google Scholar
  40. Ng, P. T. M, Leung, P. Y. S, & Lee, K. K. (Eds.). (1995). 中国教会大学历史文献研讨会论 文集 [Essays on historical archives of Christian higher education in China]. 香港, 中国: 香港中文大学出版社 [Hong Kong, China: The Chinese University Press].Google Scholar
  41. Peking University. (1996). 北京大学宗教系发展计划简介 [Introducing a development plan of Department of Religion at Peking University]. 北京, 中国: 北京大学 [Beijing, China: Peking University].Google Scholar
  42. Qu, S. P. (1993). 中国大学教育发展史 [The historical development of university education in China]. 山西, 中国: 山西教育出版社 [Shanxi, China: Shanxi Educational Press].Google Scholar
  43. Rosenbaum, A. L. (2015). New perspectives on Yenching University, 1916–1952: A liberal education for a new China. Boston, MA: Brill.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Shi J. H. (1991). 狄考文与司徒雷登在华教育活动 [The educational activities of Calvin Mateer and John Leighton Stuart in China]. 台北, 中国: 文津出版社 [Taipei, China: Wenjin Press].Google Scholar
  45. Shi, J. H. (2002). Nationalism and cosmopolitanism in Christian colleges: An interplay between core and periphery. In P. T. M. Ng (Ed.), Changing paradigms of Christian higher education in China (1888–1950) (pp. 155–192). Lewiston, NY: The Edwin Mellen Press.Google Scholar
  46. Smalley, M. (Ed.). (1997). American missionary eyewitnesses to the Nanking Massacre, 1937–1938. New Haven, CT: Yale Divinity School Library.Google Scholar
  47. Tao, F. Y, & Ng, P. T. M. (1998). 基督教大学与国学研究 [Christian Universities in China and Chinese studies]. 福州, 中国: 福建教育出版社 [Fuzhou, China: Fujian Education Press].Google Scholar
  48. Wang, L. X. (1997). 美国传教士与晚清中国近代化 [American missionaries and the modernization of China in the late Qing period]. 天津, 中国: 天津人民出版社 [Tianjin, China: Tianjin People’s Publishing House].Google Scholar
  49. Wu, Y. X. (2000). 在宗教与世俗之间: 基督教新教传教士在华南沿海的早期活动研究 [Between religion and secular: Research into the early activities of Christian missionaries on coastal southern China]. 广州, 中国: 广东教育出版社 [Guangzhou, China: Guangdong Education Press].Google Scholar
  50. Xu, E. Y. H. (2010). 中国基督教教育史论 [Essays on History of Protestant Education in China]. 桂林, 中国: 广西师范大学出版社 [Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press].Google Scholar
  51. Xu, E. Y. H. (Ed.). (2014). 后冷战时期的宗教与美国政治和外交 [Religion and U.S. politics and foreign policy in the post-Cold War]. 上海, 中国: 上海人民出版社 [Shanghai, China: Shanghai People’s Publishing House].Google Scholar
  52. Xu, E. Y. H, et al. (Eds.). (2010). 宗教与当代国际关系 [Religion and contemporary international relations]. 上海, 中国: 上海人民出版社 [Shanghai, China: Shanghai People’s Publishing House].Google Scholar
  53. Xu, E. Y. H, & Zou, L. (Eds.). (2014). 宗教与中国对外战略 [Religion and China’s foreign strategy]. 上海, 中国: 上海人民出版社 [Shanghai, China: Shanghai People’s Publishing House].Google Scholar
  54. Xu, E. Y. H, et al. (2016). 宗教与中国国家安全研究 [Studies on religion and China’s national security]. 北京, 中国: 时事出版社 [Beijing, China: Current Affairs Press]Google Scholar
  55. Zhang, B. (2010). 近代中国社会变迁与基督教大学的发展: 以华中大学为中心的研究 [Social changes in modern China and the development of Christian colleges: A study of Central China University]. 武汉, 中国: 华中师范大学出版社 [Wuhan, China: Huazhong Normal University Press].Google Scholar
  56. Zhang, K. Y. (1991). Preface. In K. Y. Zhang & A. Waldron (Eds.), 中西文化与教会大学: 首 届中国教会大学史学术研讨会论文集 [Christian universities and Chinese-Western cultures: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the History of Pre-1949 Christian Universities in China]. (pp. 1–4). 武汉, 中国: 湖北教育出版社 [Wuhan, China: Hubei Education Press].Google Scholar
  57. Zhang, K. Y. (1995). 南京大屠杀的历史见证 [The historical witness of Nanjing Massacre]. 武汉, 中国: 湖北人民出版社 [Wuhan, China: Hubei People’s Press].Google Scholar
  58. Zhang, K. Y. (Ed.). (1996). 文化传播与教会大学 [Transmission of cultures and Christian universities]. 武汉, 中国: 湖北教育出版社 [Wuhan, China: Hubei Education Press].Google Scholar
  59. Zhang, K. Y. (2015). 章开沅口述自传 [An oral autobiography of Zhang Kaiyuan]. 北京, 中 国: 北京师范大学出版社 [Beijing, China: Beijing Normal University Press].Google Scholar
  60. Zhang, K. Y, & Ma, M. (Eds.). (1998). 社会转型与教会大学 [Social transformation and Christian universities]. 武汉, 中国: 湖北教育出版社 [Wuhan, China: Hubei Education Press].Google Scholar
  61. Zhang, K. Y, & Ma, M. (Eds.). (2010). 韦卓民纪念文集 [Essays in memory of Francis Wei]. 武汉, 中国: 华中师范大学出版社 [Wuhan, China: Huazhong Normal University Press].Google Scholar
  62. Zhang, K. Y, & Waldron, A. (Eds.). (1991). 中西文化与教会大学: 首届中国教会大学史学 术研讨会论文集 [Christian universities and Chinese-Western cultures: Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the History of Pre-1949 Christian Universities in China].武汉, 中国: 湖北教育出版社 [Wuhan, China: Hubei Education Press].Google Scholar
  63. Zhang, L. P. (2013). 中西合冶: 华西协合大学 [Merging East and West at West China Union University]. 成都, 中国: 巴蜀书社 [Sichuan, China: Bashu Press].Google Scholar
  64. Zhu, F. (2002). 基督教与近代中国女子高等教育——金陵女大与华南女大比较研究 [Christianity and Women’s higher education in modern China: A comparative study between Jinling Women’s University and South China Women’s University]. 福州, 中国: 福建教育出版社 [Fuzhou, China: Fujian Education Press].Google Scholar
  65. Zhuo, X. P. (Ed.). (2004). 基督宗教研究 [Study of Christianity), Vol. 7. 北京, 中国: 宗教 文化出版社 [Beijing, China: Religious Culture Press].Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of ArtsShanghai UniversityShanghaiChina

Personalised recommendations