Advertisement

A Closer Look at the Relationship between Life Satisfaction and Job Performance

  • Aamir Ali ChughtaiEmail author
Article
  • 24 Downloads

Abstract

The central aim of this research was to examine the mediating role of bonding social capital and affective commitment in the life satisfaction – job performance relationship. The proposed relationships were tested by conducting two survey studies within the context of two separate Pakistani organizations. For study 1, the sample comprised of 183 employees who were drawn from a new start-up company; whereas, for study 2 the sample consisted of 187 employees who were working in a large footwear company. Both studies used identical variables with the only difference being that in study 1 in-role performance and innovative work behaviour were used as the two indicators of job performance; whereas, for study 2 innovative work behaviour was replaced with organizational citizenship behaviour. Structural equation modelling was used to test the direct and mediating effects. Results showed that in both studies, bonding social capital and affective commitment fully mediated the link between life satisfaction and the different facets of job performance. The implications and limitations of this research are discussed.

Keywords

Life satisfaction Bonding social capital Affective commitment Job performance 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that he has no conflict of interest!

References

  1. Adler, P. S., & Kwon, S. (2002). Social capital: Prospects for a new concept. Academy of Management Review, 27, 17–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Akaike, H. (1987). Factor analysis and AIC. Psychometrika, 52, 317–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bjelica, D. L., & Jovanovic, U. D. (2016). It’s up to you: The influence of sports participation, academic performances and demo-behavioral characteristics on university students’ life satisfaction. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 11, 163–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Beehr, T. A., Jex, S. M., Stacy, B. A., & Murray, M. A. (2000). Work stressors and co-worker support as predictors of individual strain and job performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 21, 391–405.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bolino, M. C., Turnley, W. H., & Bloodgood, J. M. (2002). Citizenship behavior and the creation of social capital in organizations. The Academy of Management Review, 27, 505–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Borman, W. C., & Motowidlo, S. J. (1997). Task performance and contextual performance: The meaning for personnel selection research. Human Performance, 10, 99–109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Carmeli, A., Ben-Hador, B., Waldman, D. A., & Rupp, D. E. (2009). How leaders cultivate social capital and nurture employee vigor: Implications for job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 1553–1561.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chu, Y., Shen, C., & Yang, J. (2018). Country-level bonding, bridging, and linking social capital and immigrants’ life satisfaction. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 13, 745–759.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Chughtai, A.A., Byrne & M., Flood, B., (2015). Linking ethical leadership to employee well-being: The role of trust in supervisor. Journal of Business Ethics, 128, 653–663.Google Scholar
  10. Coleman, J. S. (1988). Social capital in the creation of human capital. American Journal of Sociology, 94, 95–120.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cropanzano, R., & Wright, T. A. (2001). When a “happy” worker is really a “productive” worker: A review and further refinement of the happy-productive worker thesis. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice & Research, 53, 182–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cropanzano, R., & Wright, T. A. (1999). A 5-year study of change in the relationship between well-being and job performance. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research., 51, 252–265.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Diener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49, 71–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2002). Very happy people. Psychological Science, 13, 81–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Duckworth, A. L., Quinn, P. D., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2009). Positive predictors of teacher effectiveness. Journal of Positive Psychology, 4, 540–547.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Dunn, J. R., & Schweitzer, M. E. (2005). Feeling and believing: The influence of emotion on trust. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 736–748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Edmondson, A. (2004). Psychological safety, trust and learning in organizations: A group level lens. In, R. M Kramer and K.S. Cook (Eds.), Trust and Distrust in Organizations: Dilemmas and Approaches: 239-272. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.Google Scholar
  18. Ellinger, A. D., Ellinger, A. E., Bachrach, D. G., Wang, Y.-L., & Bas, A. B. E. (2011). Organizational investments in social capital, managerial coaching, and employee work-related performance. Management Learning, 42, 67–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Erdogan, B., Bauer, T. N., Truxillo, D. M., & Mansfield, L. R. (2012). Whistle while you work: A review of the life satisfaction literature. Journal of Management, 38, 1038–1083.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fredrickson, B. L. (2001). The role of positive emotions in positive psychology. American Psychologist, 56, 218–226.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Greguras, G. J., & Diefendorff, J. M. (2010). Why does proactive personality predict employee life satisfaction and work behaviors? A field investigation of the mediating role of the self-concordance model. Personnel Psychology, 63, 539–560.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Greenberg, P. S., Greenberg, R. H., & Antonucci, Y. L. (2007). Creating and sustaining trust in virtual teams. Business Horizons, 50, 325–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Growiec, K., & Growiec, J. (2014). Trusting only whom you know, knowing only whom you trust: The joint impact of social capital and trust on happiness in CEE countries. Journal of Happiness Studies, 15, 1015–1040.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hayes, A. F. (2009). Beyond baron and Kenny: Statistical mediation analysis in the new millennium. Communication Monographs, 76, 408–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Heller, D., Watson, D., & Ilies, R. (2004). The role of person versus situation in life satisfaction: A critical examination. Psychological Bulletin, 130, 574–600.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hirst, G., Van Knippenberg, D., & Zhou, J. (2009). A cross-level perspective on employee creativity: Goal orientation, team learning behaviour and individual creativity. Academy of Management Journal, 52, 280–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hofstede, G. (2007). Asian management in the 21st century. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 24, 411–420.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hou, Y. B., Gao, G., Wang, F., Li, T. R., & Yu, Z. L. (2011). Organizational commitment and creativity: The influence of thinking styles. Annals of Economics and Finance, 12, 411–431.Google Scholar
  29. Jafri, M. (2010). Organizational commitment and employee’s innovative behavior: A study in retail sector. Journal of Management Research, 10, 62–68.Google Scholar
  30. James, L. R., Muliak, S. A., & Brett, J. M. (2006). A tale of two methods. Organizational Research Methods, 9, 233–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Janssen, O. (2000). Job demands, perceptions of effort-reward fairness and innovative work behaviour. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 73, 287–302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Jaramillo, F., Mulki, J. P., & Marshall, G. W. (2005). A meta-analysis of the relationship between organizational commitment and job performance: 25 years of research. Journal of Business Research, 58, 705–714.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Jones, M. D. (2006). Which is a better predictor of job performance: Job satisfaction or life satisfaction. Journal of Behavioral and Applied Management, 8, 20–42.Google Scholar
  34. Joreskog, K. G., & Sorbom, D. (2006). Lisrel for windows. Chicago: Scientific Software International, Inc..Google Scholar
  35. Kline, R. B. (2005). Principles and practice of structural equation modelling. New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  36. Loewe, N., Bagherzadeh, M., Castillo, L. A., Thieme, C., & Batista-Foguet, J. M. (2014). Life domain satisfactions as predictors of overall life satisfaction among workers: Evidence from Chile. Social Indicators Research, 118, 71–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Lucas, R. E., Diener, E., & Suh, E. M. (1996). Discriminant validity of well-being measures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71, 616–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lyons, M. D., & Huebner, E. S. (2016). Academic characteristics of early adolescents with higher levels of life satisfaction. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 11, 757–771.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Lyubomirsky, S., King, L., & Diener, E. (2005). The benefits of frequent positive affect: Does happiness lead to success? Psychological Bulletin, 131, 803–855.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Madrid, H. P., Patterson, M. G., Birdi, K. S., Leiva, P. I., & Kausal, E. E. (2014). The role of weekly high-activated positive mood, context, and personality in innovative work behavior: A multilevel and interactional model. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 35, 234–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Meyer, J. P., & Herscovitch, L. (2001). Commitment in the workplace: Toward a general model. Human Resource Management Review, 11, 299–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Meyer, J. P., Allen, N. J., & Smith, C. A. (1993). Commitment to organization and occupations: Extension of a three component model. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 538–551.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1991). A three component conceptualization of organizational commitment: Some methodological consideration. Human Resource Management Review, 1, 61–89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Meyer, J. P., & Allen, N. J. (1997). Commitment in the workplace: Theory, research and application. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.Google Scholar
  45. Meyer, J. P., Stanley, D. J., Herscovitch, L., & Topolnytsky, L. (2002). Affective, continuance and normative commitment to the organization: A meta-analysis of antecedents, correlates and consequences. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 61, 20–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Morin, A. J. S., Vandenberghe, C., Boudrias, J. S., Madore, I., Morizot, J., & Tremblay, M. (2010). Affective commitment and citizenship behaviours across multiple foci. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 26, 716–738.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Nahapiet, J., & Ghoshal, S. (1998). Social capital, intellectual capital, and the organizational advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23, 242–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Oh, H., Chung, M., & Labianca, G. (2004). Group social capital and group effectiveness: The role of informal socializing ties. Academy of Management Journal, 47, 8660–8675.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Onyx, J., & Bullen, P. (2000). Measuring social capital in five communities. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 36, 23–40.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Pedro, E., Leitao, J., & Alves, H. (2016). Does the quality of academic life matter for students’ performance, loyalty and university recommendation? Applied Research in Quality of Life, 11, 293–316.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Podsakoff, P. M., & Mackenzie, S. B. (1989). A second generation measure of organizational citizenship behaviour. Working paper: Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.Google Scholar
  52. Podsakoff, P. M., Mackenzie, S. B., Lee, J. L., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2003). Common method biases in behavioural research: A critical review of the literature and recommended remedies. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 879–903.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Preacher, K. P., & Hayes, A. F. (2008). Asymptotic and resampling strategies for assessing and comparing indirect effects in multiple mediator models. Behavior Research Methods, 40, 879–891.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Putnum, R. (1995). Bowling alone: America’s declining social capital. Journal of Democracy, 6, 65–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Putnum, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  56. Ramamoorthy, N., Flood, P.C., Tracy, S. & Sardessai, R. (2005). Determinants of innovative work behaviour: Development and test of an integrated model. Creativity and Innovation Management, 14, 142:150.Google Scholar
  57. Riketta, M. (2002). Attitudinal organizational commitment and job performance: A meta-analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23, 257–266.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Rode, J. C., Arthaud-Day, M. L., Mooney, C. H., Near, J. P., Baldwin, T. T., Bommer, W. H., & Rubin, R. S. (2005). Life satisfaction and student performance. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 4, 421–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Seligman, M. E. P., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction. American Psychologist, 55, 5–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Smith, M. L. (2006). Social capital and intentional change: Exploring the role of social networks on individual change efforts. Journal of Management Development, 25, 718–731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Sparrowe, R. T., Liden, R. C., Wayne, S. J., & Kraimer, M. L. (2001). Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 316–325.Google Scholar
  62. Van Dick, R., Van Knippenberg, D., Kerschreiter, R., Hertel, G., & Wieseke, J. (2008). Interactive effects of work group and organizational identification on job satisfaction and extra-role behaviour. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 72, 388–399.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Vankai, Z., & Vagharseyyedin, S. A. (2009). Organizational commitment, work environment conditions, and life satisfaction among Iranian nurses. Nursing & Health Sciences, 11, 404–409.Google Scholar
  64. Williams, L. J., Vandenberg, R. J., & Edwards, J. R. (2009). Structural equation modelling in management research: A guide for improved analysis. The Academy of Management Annals, 3, 543–604.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Xerri, M. J., & Brunetto, Y. (2011). Fostering the innovative behaviour of SME employees: A social capital perspective. Research & Practice in Human Resource Management, 19, 43–59.Google Scholar
  66. Xerri, M. J., & Brunetto, Y. (2013). Fostering innovative behaviour: The importance of employee commitment and organisational citizenship behaviour. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 24, 3163–3177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) and Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessForman Christian College UniversityLahorePakistan

Personalised recommendations