Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 1253–1267 | Cite as

Protestant Spirituality and Well-Being of People in Hong Kong: The Mediating Role of Sense of Community

  • Eddie Chi Wai NgEmail author
  • Adrian T. Fisher


While literature demonstrates that the relationship between religion and well-being is generally positive, information about the mechanisms is still far from clear. Two hundred and sixty-eight Chinese were recruited to examine how Protestant spirituality is related to well-being in Hong Kong. Path analysis demonstrated the complex relationship between various spirituality dimensions (religious belief, experience, and practice) and well-being variables, manifested in life satisfaction, social trust and sense of community. While spirituality may directly predict life satisfaction, the relationship between spirituality and social trust are fully mediated through sense of community. Furthermore, the well-being at the community level (feeling sense of community and social trust) appears to affect the well-being on the personal level (life satisfaction). These findings not only show that the influence of religion on people’s well-being can be richly diverse, but also match with the emerging literature on the positive effects of social capital on health and well-being.


Spirituality Well-being Sense of community Life satisfaction Social trust 



We would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers and the editor for their comments.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Applied Social ScienceThe Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityHong KongHong Kong
  2. 2.School of Social Sciences and PsychologyVictoria UniversityFootscrayAustralia

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