Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 271–291 | Cite as

Strong Attachment to Heroes: How Does It Occur and Affect People’s Self-Efficacy and Ultimately Quality of Life?

  • Mina Jun
  • Chung K. KimEmail author
  • Jeongsoo Han
  • Miyea Kim
  • Joshua Y. Kim


In spite of increasing evidence on the influence of heroes on the lives of ordinary people, there has been no formal study on the subject in relation to people’s attachment to a hero (or hero attachment). The current study proposed a consumer model to examine how a hero makes a positive impact on people’s lives in terms of their hero attachment, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction. Using observations from a survey, we examined both the direct and indirect effects that the contribution of a hero in people’s fundamental A-R-C (autonomy, relatedness, and competence) need fulfillment has on self-efficacy and ultimately on life satisfaction. We found that the impact of a hero in fulfilling the A-R-C needs has a direct, differential effect on self-efficacy and life satisfaction. More importantly, we found that the fulfillment of A-R-C needs by a hero significantly influences hero attachment, which in turn positively affects life satisfaction through self-efficacy. As the first empirical study on hero attachment in relation to people’s self-efficacy and life satisfaction, the study yields significant theoretical contributions and practical implications for practitioners and policy makers in the areas of public health, education, and quality of life.


Quality of life Hero attachment A-R-C needs Self-efficacy Life satisfaction 



This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2013S1A5A2A01018545).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mina Jun
    • 1
  • Chung K. Kim
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jeongsoo Han
    • 3
  • Miyea Kim
    • 2
  • Joshua Y. Kim
    • 4
  1. 1.Marshall School of BusinessUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  2. 2.Graduate School of BusinessSungkyunkwan UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Graduate School of BusinessYonsei UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Warrington College of Business AdministrationUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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