Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 41–48 | Cite as

Impact of Education and Poverty on Terrorism in Turkey: An Empirical Investigation

  • Mete FeridunEmail author


This study aims at investigating whether education and poverty have a causal effect on terrorist attacks in Turkey from 1980 to 2006. The ARDL bounds testing procedure and Granger-causality analysis within vector error-correction models (VECM) are used. Results of the ARDL bounds testing procedure suggest the rejection of the null hypothesis of no long-run relationship in the where education is the long-run forcing variable for terrorist attacks. The evidence obtained from the Granger-causality analysis within VECM confirms the findings from the ARDL bounds test that there exists a long-run equilibrium relationship between these two series. Results suggest no evidence of long-run relationship between terrorist attacks and poverty.


Terrorism Education Poverty Bounds testing Granger-causality 

JEL Classification

D1 F4 R1 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of BusinessUniversity of GreenwichLondonUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Business and EconomicsEastern Mediterranean UniversityMersin 10Turkey

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