Advertisement

Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 1097–1105 | Cite as

The Effects of Psycho-Education on the Health-Related Quality of life on Mastalgia Patients

  • Yarkın OzenliEmail author
  • Agah Bahadır OzturkEmail author
  • Serhat Burkay Ozturk
  • Gulsah Seydaoglu
Article
  • 132 Downloads

Abstract

Mastalgia has been accepted as an issue which highly affects the daily life. Our primary purpose in this study is to research the effects of the pain in a group of women with mastalgia not depending on the organic etiology of the quality of life. The second purpose of ours is to depict whether psycho-education has an effect on the pain and the quality of life in these patients. In order to research the effect of Mastalgia on the quality of life, the data of the whole study group have been compared with the Turkey standard data of SF-36 scale. A randomized pre–post intervention study was conducted in Adana Numune Hospital General Surgical Department. The study consists of 98 mastalgia patients who do not have any organic etiology. Psycho-education was given to randomly allocated 66 patients (Psycho-Education Group: PEG) and not given to the other 32 patients (Non-Psycho-Education Group: Non-PEG). The Visual Analog Skala (VAS) and the quality of life scale (SF-36) were applied to all patients. All invantories were re-applied 2 months later. When compared SF-36 subscale data of the whole patient group with the norm results of SF-36 determined for Turkey, the difference in the quality of life of all subscales except for physical function subscale was found statistically significant. While no difference was found between the PEG and Non-PEG for the whole subscales before psycho-education, the difference in the whole subscales after psycho-education was found statistically significant. After psycho-education the difference in the VAS scores between PEG and Non-PEG was found statistically significant. Our study has shown that mastalgia has a negative effect on the quality of life. This study has also revealed that psycho-education must be considered as an effective alternative to reducing pain and increasing the quality of life on mastalgia patients.

Keywords

Mastalgia Pain Quality of life Psycho-education 

References

  1. Ader, D. N., & Browne, M. W. (1997). Prevalence and impact of cyclic mastalgia. United States clinic-based sample. Am J Obstetric and Gynecology, 177(1), 126–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ader, D. N., & Shriver, C. D. (1997). Cyclical mastalgia: prevalence and impact in an outpatient breast clinic sample. Journal of the American College of Surgery, 185(5), 466–467.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Ader, D. N., Shriver, C. D., & Browne, M. W. (1997). Relationship of cyclical mastalgia. Premenstrual syndrome or recurrent pain disorder. Am J Obstetric and Gynecology, 20(2), 198–202.Google Scholar
  4. Ader, D. N., South-Paul, J., Adera, T., & Deuster, P. A. (2001). Cyclical mastalgia: prevalence and associated health and behavioral factors. J Psychosom Obstetric and Gynecology, 22(2), 71–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Andressen, E. M., & Meyers, A. R. (2000). Health-related quality of life outcomes measure. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 81(12 Suppl 2), 30–45.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Aydemir, N., Unsal, P., & Canbeyli, R. A. (2011). Comparative study of health related quality of life, psychological well-being, impact of illness and stigma in epilepsy and migraine. Seizure, 20(9), 679–685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bowling, A. (1998). Measuring Health. Scales. 2nd ed, A Review of Quality of Life Measurement Scales (pp. 11–78). Buckingham: Open University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cakır, T., Cingi, A., Fıstıkçı, N., & Bez, Y. (2006). The place of infusion in the patients that have mastalgia camplaints not depending on an organic reason. Meme Sağlığı Dergisi, 2(2), 96–99.Google Scholar
  9. Domeyer, P. J., Sergentanis, T. N., Zagouri, F., & Zografos, G. C. (2010). Health-related quality of life in vacuum-assisted breast biopsy: short-term effects, long-term effects and predictors. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 27(1), 8–11.Google Scholar
  10. Erdine, S. (2000). Pain (pp. 37–40). İstanbul: Nobel Tıp Kitabevleri.Google Scholar
  11. Faiz, O., & Fentiman, I. S. (2000). Management of breast pain. British Journal of Clinical Practice, 54(4), 228–232.Google Scholar
  12. Fitzpatrick, R., Fletcher, A., Gore, S., Jones, D., Spiegelhalter, D., & Cox, D. (1992). Quality of life measures in health care. I: applications and issues in assessment. BMJ, 305(6862), 1145–1148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fries, J. F., & Singh, G. (1996). Quality of Life and Pharmacoeconomics in Clinical Trials. Second Ed. The hierarchy of patient outcomes (p. 33). Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. Holland, P. A., & Gateley, C. A. (1994). Drug therapy of mastalgia. Practical Therapeutics Drugs, 48(5), 709–716.Google Scholar
  15. Klimberg, V. S. (1998). The Breast: Comprehensive Management of Benign and Malignant Diseases. In K. I. Bland & E. M. Copeland (Eds.), Etiology and management of breast pain (2nd ed., pp. 247–260). Pennsylvania: W.B. Saunders Company.Google Scholar
  16. Kocyigit, H., Aydemir, O., Olmez, N., & Memis, A. (1999). The Reliability and validity of the Turkish version of short form -36. İlaç ve Tedavi Dergisi, 12(2), 102–106.Google Scholar
  17. Mehnert, A., & Koch, U. (2008). Psychological comorbidity and health-related quality of life and its association with awarenesss, utilization, and need for psychosocial support in a cancer register-based sample of long-term breast cancer survivors. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 64(4), 383–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Mufson, M. J. (1998). What is the role of psychiatry in the management of chronic pain. Harvard Mental Health Letter, 16(3), 8.Google Scholar
  19. Ozenli, Y., Seyhan, T., Ozcurumez, G., Micozkadioglu, I., & Borman, H. (2009). “Effect of surgery on psychiatric states and quality of life of paraplegics and quadriplegics with pressure sores and their primary caregivers. European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 32(4), 173–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Price, D. D., MacGrath, P. A., Rafii, A. & Buckingham, B. (1993). The validation of visual analogue scales as ratio scale measures for chronic and experimental pain. Pain, 17(2), 45–56.Google Scholar
  21. Roth, R. (2000). Psychogenic models of chronic pain: A selective review and critique (pp. 22–460). Philadelphia: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  22. Smith, B. L., Gadd, M. A., & Kawler, C. (1996). Perception of breast cancer risk among women in breast cancer and primary care settings: correlation with age and family history of breast cancer. Surgery, 120, 297–303.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Smith, R. L., Pruthi, S., & Fitzpatrick, L. A. (2004). Breast Pain: evaluation and management of breast pain. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 79(3), 353–372.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thicke, L. A., Hazelton, J. K., Bauer, B. A., Chan, C. W., Huntoon, E. A., Novotny, P. J., et al. (2011). Acupuncture for treatment of noncyclic breast pain: a pilot study. American Journal of Chinese Medicine, 39(6), 1117–1129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Umruh, A. M. (1996). Gender variations in clinical pain experience. Pain, 65(4), 123–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Wayne, K & Geyman J. P. (2002). Anxiety Disorders. Rakel, Textbook of Family Practice Sixth Edition. pp, 1438.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryAdana Numune Education and Research HospitalAdanaTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Family MedicineÇelikhan State HospitalAdiyamanTurkey
  3. 3.Department of RadiologyÇorum Iskilip State HospitalÇorumTurkey
  4. 4.Department of BiostatisticCukurova University School of MedicineAdanaTurkey

Personalised recommendations