Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 871–885 | Cite as

Proactive Coping as a Mediator Between Resources and Outcomes: A Structural Equations Modeling Analysis

  • Dragana StanojevićEmail author
  • Miroslav Krstić
  • Biljana Jaredić
  • Bojana Dimitrijević


Proactive coping is a recent construct in the field of positive psychology. It refers to the efforts aimed at building general forces to facilitate the path toward challenging goals and personal growth. The current study adopted a theoretical model of proactive coping as a mediator of resources with positive and negative outcomes. Our aim was to examine two separate models with satisfaction with life and depression as the proposed outcomes of proactive coping. The proposed models presumed direct relationships between self-efficacy, optimism and social support with life satisfaction or depression, as well as indirect paths through proactive coping. We administered a set of questionnaires that consisted of demographic data, the Proactive Coping Scale, the General Self-efficacy Scale, the Life Orientation Test-Revised, the Perceived Social Support Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. Data were obtained from a sample of high school graduates (N = 485, age 17 to 19, 174 males and 311 females). Our analyses confirmed presumed direct and indirect relationships between resources and outcomes. The results showed that the data fit well in the model with life satisfaction as an outcome, while the data did not fit well in the model with depression as an outcome. A subsequent model was formed in which satisfaction with life was used as a full mediator between proactive coping and depression; this model provided a good fit to the data. Theoretical implications, as well as suggestions for future research, are discussed.


Proactive coping Self-efficacy Optimism Social support Life satisfaction Depression 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dragana Stanojević
    • 1
    Email author
  • Miroslav Krstić
    • 1
  • Biljana Jaredić
    • 1
  • Bojana Dimitrijević
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Philosophy, Department of PsychologyUniversity of Priština temporarily settled in Kosovska MitrovicaKosovska MitrovicaSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Philosophy, Department of PsychologyUniversity of NišNišSerbia

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