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Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 831–861 | Cite as

Influences of Work-Family Interface on Job and Life Satisfaction

  • Silvia De SimoneEmail author
  • Jessica Lampis
  • Diego Lasio
  • Francesco Serri
  • Gianfranco Cicotto
  • Daniela Putzu
Article

Abstract

Research investigating the relationship between family and work domains, according to a reductionist approach, has traditionally focused on the negative aspects of the work-family relationship. However, over the past 15 years a number of studies have also focused on the positive aspects of family and work relationships and on the interactions between the work-family interface and outcomes such as job and life satisfaction. These research studies have made it possible to capture different facets of the relationship between family and working life, and to clarify the specific nature of these interactions. In the present study, we tested a model that included positive and negative interactions between work and family as predictors of job and life satisfaction. We also examined the role of some of the potential moderators (work engagement, organizational and family support) of these relationships, using a sample of 427 Italian employees working in public administration. In our analysis, we first tested the factorial structure of the work-family interface measure (Kinnunen et al. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 47, 149–162 2006). Factor analysis confirmed a four-factor model: negative work-to-family interface, negative family-to-work interface, positive work-to-family interface, and positive family-to-work interface. Secondly, we analyzed the relationship between the work-family interface, job satisfaction and life satisfaction. Path analysis showed that the factors involved in the work-family interface influenced directly and indirectly life satisfaction, job satisfaction and work engagement. This analysis also showed that work engagement had a direct strong effect on job satisfaction and a direct weaker effect on life satisfaction. This pattern of findings is consistent with a causal sequence in which the work-family interface (WIF) and family-work interface (FIW) can increase or reduce a satisfaction-specific domain. Our results highlight the importance of using a theoretical and empirical model that integrates and focuses on both the positive and negative aspects of the work-family relationship. Moreover, this pattern demonstrates the potential consequences of this influence on employees’ working life and general well-being.

Keywords

Work-family interface Life satisfaction Job satisfaction Work engagement 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht and The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Silvia De Simone
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jessica Lampis
    • 1
  • Diego Lasio
    • 1
  • Francesco Serri
    • 1
  • Gianfranco Cicotto
    • 1
  • Daniela Putzu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of CagliariCagliariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Pedagogy, Psychology, PhilosophyUniversity of CagliariCagliariItaly

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