Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 335–347 | Cite as

Association Between Insomnia and Quality of Life: An Exploratory Study Among Software Engineers

Article

Abstract

Insomnia is a major public health challenge. Due to its high prevalence and impact on health in recent years it has attracted attention of health care providers. The concept of quality of life (QOL) has gained importance as an outcome measure in sleep disturbed people. This study aims to determine the prevalence of insomnia among software engineers as the job related stress is considered very high. Ninety-one software engineers aged between 21 and 45 from a software developing company in Mysore formed the study population. Insomnia Screening Questionnaire and SF 36 Health Survey Questionnaire were used to elicit information about sleep quality and quality of life respectively. Sleep status among the subjects was as follows: 20.9% severe insomnia, 35.2% mild insomnia and 43.9% normal sleeper. Mean scores for SF 36 and those for physical and mental health were considerably lower among severe insomniacs. Software engineers run at the risk of developing insomnia, those with severe insomnia had poor QOL in comparison with the others. Quality of sleep among software engineers needs special attention since they are prone to develop sleep disturbances.

Keywords

Quality of life Sleep quality Insomnia Sleep status 

References

  1. Ancoli-Israel, S., & Roth, T. (1999). Characteristics of insomnia in the United States: results of the 1991 National Sleep Foundation Survey. Sleep, 22, 347–353.Google Scholar
  2. Ayas, N., White, D., Manson, J., Stampfer, M., Speizer, F., Malhotra, A., et al. (2003). A prospective study of sleep duration and coronary heart disease in women. Archives of Internal Medicine, 163(2), 205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barry, P., Gallagher, P., & Ryan, C. (2008). Inappropriate prescribing in geriatric patients. Current Psychiatry Reports, 10(1), 37–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ben-Bakr, K., Al-Shammari, I., & Jefri, O. (1995). Occupational stress in different organizations: a Saudi Arabian survey. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 10(5), 24–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bixler, E., Kales, A., Soldatos, C., Kales, J., & Healey, S. (1979). Prevalence of sleep disorders in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. American Journal of Psychiatry, 136(10), 1257.Google Scholar
  6. Brown, I. (1994). Driver fatigue. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, 36(2), 298–314.Google Scholar
  7. Chartier-Kastler, E., & Davidson, K. (2007). Evaluation of quality of life and quality of sleep in clinical practice. European Urology Supplements, 6(9), 576–584.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chen, J.-C., Silverthorne, C., & Hung, J.-Y. (2006). Organization communication, job stress, organizational commitment, and job performance of accounting professionals in Taiwan and America. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 27(4), 242–249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Corfitsen, M. (1996). Enhanced tiredness among young impaired male nighttime drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 28(2), 155. eknowledger.spaces.live.com.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ferley, J., Balducci, F., Charrel, M., & Drucker, J. (1988). Frequence des troubles du sommeil et recours aux somniferes chez les habitants d’une ville moyenne. Identification de facteurs associés. Rev. Fr. Epidemiol., 41, 24–29.Google Scholar
  11. Ganster, D. C., & Schaubroeck, J. (1991). Work Stress and Employee Health. Journal of Management, 17(2), 235–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hatoum, H., Kong, S., Kania, C., Wong, J., & Mendelson, W. (1998). Insomnia, health-related quality of life and healthcare resource consumption: a study of managed-care organisation enrollees. Pharmacoeconomics, 14(6), 629–637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hohagen, F., Käppler, C., Schramm, E., Riemann, D., Weyerer, S., & Berger, M. (1994). Sleep onset insomnia, sleep maintaining insomnia and insomnia with early morning awakening—temporal stability of subtypes in a longitudinal study on general practice attenders. Sleep, 17(6), 551.Google Scholar
  14. Hohagen, F., Rink, K., Käppler, C., Schramm, E., Riemann, D., Weyerer, S., et al. (1993). Prevalence and treatment of insomnia in general practice. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 242(6), 329–336. http://www.stress.org/job.htm.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Karacan, I., Thornby, J., Anch, M., Holzer, C., Warheit, G., Schwab, J., et al. (1976). Prevalence of sleep disturbance in a primarily urban Florida county. Social Science & Medicine, 10(5), 239–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lawton, M. (1991). A multidimensional view of quality of life in frail elders. The concept and measurement of quality of life in the frail elderly, 4–27.Google Scholar
  17. Leger, D., Scheuermaier, K., Philip, P., Paillard, M., & Guilleminault, C. (2001). SF-36: evaluation of quality of life in severe and mild insomniacs compared with good sleepers. Psychosomatic Medicine, 63(1), 49.Google Scholar
  18. Lugaresi, E., Zucconi, M., & Bixler, E. (1987). Epidemiology of sleep disorders. Psychiatric Annals, 17, 446–453.Google Scholar
  19. Mellinger, G., Balter, M., & Uhlenhuth, E. (1985). Insomnia and its treatment: prevalence and correlates. Archives of General Psychiatry, 42(3), 225–232.Google Scholar
  20. Moline, M., & Zendell, S. (1993). Sleep education in professional training programs. Sleep Research, 22, 1.Google Scholar
  21. Morin, C. M., LeBlanc, M., Daley, M., et al. (2006). Epidemiology of insomnia: prevalence, self-help treatments, consultations, and determinants of helpseeking behaviors. Sleep Medicine, 7, 123–130.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Nowell, P., & Buysse, D. (2001). Treatment of insomnia in patients with mood disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 14(1), 7–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Ohayon, M. (2002). Epidemiology of insomnia: what we know and what we still need to learn. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 6(2), 97–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Orr, W., Stahl, M., Dement, W., & Reddington, D. (1980). Physician education in sleep disorders. Academic Medicine, 55(4), 367.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Cheek, R. E., Shaver, J. L. F., & Lentz, M. J. (2004). Variations in sleep hygiene practices of women with and without insomnia. Research in Nursing & Health, 27, 225–236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Sateia, M., Doghramji, K., Hauri, P., & Morin, C. (2000). Evaluation of chronic insomnia. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine review. Sleep, 23(2), 243.Google Scholar
  27. Spiegel, K., Leproult, R., & Van Cauter, E. (1999). Impact of sleep debt on metabolic and endocrine function. The Lancet, 354(9188), 1435–1439.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Taylor, D., Lichstein, K., & Durrence, H. (2003). Insomnia as a health risk factor. Behavioral Sleep Medicine, 1(4), 227–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Thorpy, M., & Rochester, C. (1990). The international classification of sleep disorders: Diagnostic and coding manual. Rochester: American Sleep Disorders Association.Google Scholar
  30. Weyerer, S., & Dilling, H. (1991). Prevalence and treatment of insomnia in the community: results from the Upper Bavarian Field Study. Sleep, 14(5), 392.Google Scholar
  31. Zammit, G., Weiner, J., Damato, N., Sillup, G., & McMillan, C. (1999). Quality of life in people with insomnia. Sleep (New York, NY), 22, 379–385.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V./The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Studies in Food Science and NutritionUniversity of MysoreMysoreIndia

Personalised recommendations