Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 4, Issue 3, pp 295–310 | Cite as

Adult Attachment Styles and Life Satisfaction in Individuals with Physical Disabilities

  • Karen HwangEmail author
  • Mark V. Johnston
  • Jeffrey K. Smith


Examined the impact of adult attachment style on overall psychosocial adjustment among people with physical disabilities. 100 individuals with chronic, non-progressive physical disabilities living in the community. Adult attachment style, self-esteem, social integration and life satisfaction. Participants with physical disabilities did not differ from the general population in terms of secure versus insecure attachment styles represented. Secure attachment style predicted higher selfesteem. Both attachment security and physical independence were independently related to life satisfaction. This study highlights the importance of examining interpersonal relationships in life satisfaction in people with physical disabilities


Attachment Congenital disability Life satisfaction Self-esteem Spinal cord injury 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V./The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karen Hwang
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mark V. Johnston
    • 3
  • Jeffrey K. Smith
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Outcomes ResearchKessler Foundation Research CenterWest OrangeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Physical Medicine and RehabilitationUniversity of Medicine and Dentistry of New JerseyNewarkUSA
  3. 3.Occupational Therapy and Health SciencesUniversity of Wisconsin-MilwaukeeMilwaukeeUSA
  4. 4.Faculty of EducationUniversity of Otago, New ZealandDunedinNew Zealand

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