Reliance on God’s Help as a Measure of Intrinsic Religiosity in Healthy Elderly and Patients with Chronic Diseases. Correlations with Health-Related Quality of Life?
- 236 Downloads
Within the context of coping, we analyze whether Reliance on God’s Help, as a measure of intrinsic religiosity, is associated specifically with SF-12’s health-related quality of life. Data of 5,248 individuals (63.1 ± 10.6 years; 14% chronic diseases, 16% cancer, 8% had experienced acute diseases, and 62% healthy elderly as a control group) were enrolled. Although about half of the individuals had a strong belief that God will help and prayed to become healthy again, Reliance on God’s Help was not generally associated with better physical or mental health-related quality of life. Just in distinct subgroups we found some marginal associations. Regression analyses confirmed that physical or mental health were not among the predictors of Reliance on God’s Help. Nevertheless, intrinsic religiosity was utilized by several individuals, particularly by patients with higher age and cancer. It should be regarded as a resource to cope (meaning-focused coping) rather than an independent contributor to health-related quality of life.
KeywordsIntrinsic religiosity Spirituality Coping Health-related quality of life Chronic diseases Patients
We are grateful to Die Continentale Versicherung for their support, to Ralf-Achim Grünther (Orthopaedic Clinic in Bad Bocklet) for encouraging his patients to fill the questionnaires, and to Judith M. Fouladbakhsh (Wayne State University, Detroit) for her comments and advises. The authors disclose any potential conflicts of interest.
- Büssing, A., Ostermann, T., & Matthiessen, P. F. (2005c). Search for meaningful support and the meaning of illness in German cancer patients. Anticancer Research, 25, 1449–1455.Google Scholar
- Büssing, A., Abu-Hassan, W. M., Matthiessen, P. F., & Ostermann, T. (2007a). Spirituality, religiosity, and dealing with illness in Arabic and German patients. Saudi Medical Journal, 28, 933–942.Google Scholar
- Büssing A, Ostermann T Matthiessen PF. (2007b). Adaptive coping and spirituality as a resource in cancer patients. Breast Care; 195–202.Google Scholar
- Büssing, A., Keller, N., Michalsen, A., Moebus, S., Ostermann, T., & Matthiessen, P. F. (2008). Spirituality and adaptive coping styles in german patients with chronic diseases in a CAM health care setting. Journal of Complementary and Integrative Medicine, 3, 1–16.Google Scholar
- Griffin, M. T., Lee, Y. H., Salman, A., Seo, Y., Marin, P. A., Starling, R. C., et al. (2007). Spirituality and well being among elders: differences between elders with heart failure and those without heart failure. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 2, 669–675.Google Scholar
- Johnson, M. E., Piderman, K. M., Sloan, J. A., Huschka, M., Atherton, P. J., Hanson, J. M., et al. (2007). Measuring spiritual quality of life in patients with cancer. The Journal of Supportive Oncology, 5, 437–442.Google Scholar
- Koenig, H. G., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (2001). The handbook of religion and health. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Levine EG, Avive C, Yoo G, Ewing C Au A. (2008). The benefits of prayer on mood and well-being of breast cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer;Google Scholar
- MacDonald, D. A. (2000). Spirituality and the five factor model. Journal of Personality, 68, 153–197.Google Scholar
- Mytko, J. J., & Knight, S. J. (1999). Body, mind and spirit: towards the integration of religiosity and spirituality in cancer quality of life research. Psycho-Oncology, 8, 439–450. doi: 10.1002/(SICI)1099-1611(199909/10)8:5<439::AID-PON421>3.0.CO;2-L.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Resnick, B., & Nahm, E. S. (2001). Reliability and validity testing of the revised 12-item short-form health survey in older adults. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 9, 151–161.Google Scholar
- Thune-Boyle, I. C., Stygall, J. A., Keshtgar, M. R., & Newman, S. P. (2006). Do religious/spiritual coping strategies affect illness adjustment in patients with cancer? A systematic review of the literature. Social Science & Medicine, 63, 151–164. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.11.055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar