Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 3, Issue 3, pp 181–202 | Cite as

A Work-Life Identity Model of Well-Being: Towards a Research Agenda Linking Quality-of-Work-Life (QWL) Programs with Quality of Life (QOL)

  • M. Joseph SirgyEmail author
  • Nora P. Reilly
  • Jiyun Wu
  • David Efraty


QWL is conceptualized in terms of the interface between employee role identities and work resources. QWL programs serve to enhance QOL by (1) providing appropriate work resources to meet the expectations of employee role identities, (2) reducing role conflict in work and non-work life, (3) enhancing multiple role identities, (4) reducing role demands, (5) reducing stress related to work and non-work role identities, and (6) increasing the value of the role identity. We describe a variety of QWL programs related to work life (decentralized organization structures, teamwork, parallel structures, ethical corporate mission and culture, the organization work schedule, etc.) and non-work life (work at home, flextime, compressed work week, part-time work arrangements, job sharing, etc.) and show how they serve to enhance QOL using the language of work-life identity. Doing so helps develop a research agenda based on the work-life identify model.


Quality of work life Quality of working life Work well-being Work-related well-being Employee need satisfaction Work and life satisfaction Work and happiness Work and subjective well-being Job satisfaction Work satisfaction Work-non-work roles Role identities 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V./The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Joseph Sirgy
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nora P. Reilly
    • 2
  • Jiyun Wu
    • 3
  • David Efraty
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of MarketingVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyRadford UniversityRadfordUSA
  3. 3.Department of ManagementHofstra UniversityHempsteadUSA
  4. 4.Department of Business ManagementUniversity of Houston-DowntownHoustonUSA

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