The Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale: Sex, Race, and Grade Effects for Applications with Middle School Students

  • E. Scott HuebnerEmail author
  • Shannon M. Suldo
  • Robert F. Valois
  • J. Wanzer Drane


Preliminary normative data for the Brief Multidimensional Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (BMSLSS) total score were collected from 2,987 South Carolina middle school students in Grades 6 though 8. Tests for gender and ethnicity (African-American vs. Caucasian) effects were non-significant. Statistically significant differences between grade levels were discovered, but the magnitude of these differences was quite small. Thus, a single set of norms is appropriate for use when interpreting middle school students’ responses to the BMSLSS.


adolescents quality of life demographic effects 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media BV/The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Scott Huebner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Shannon M. Suldo
    • 2
  • Robert F. Valois
    • 3
  • J. Wanzer Drane
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  2. 2.College of EducationUniversity of South FloridaTampaUSA
  3. 3.Arnold School of Public HealthUniversity of South CarolinaColumbiaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Public HealthEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA

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