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Applied Research in Quality of Life

, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 7–38 | Cite as

Developing a Conceptual Framework of Employee Well-Being (EWB) by Applying Goal Concepts and Findings from Personality-Social Psychology

  • M. Joseph SirgyEmail author
Article

Abstract

This paper reports an attempt to develop a foundation of a theory of employee well-being (EWB) by borrowing concepts and findings from research in personality-social psychology. The proposed conceptual framework has four central principles: The principle of goal selection based on valence, the principle of goal selection based on expectancy, the goal implementation principle, and the goal attainment principle. These principles have corollaries expanding the logic of the proposed theoretical relationships. Specifically, the principle of goal selection based on valence has nine corollaries: Approach versus avoidance goals, goal meaningfulness, high- versus low-level goals, goals related to cultural norms, goals related to deprived needs, goals related to basic versus growth needs, intrinsic versus extrinsic goals, goals producing flow, and autonomy in goal setting. The principle of goal selection based on expectancy has five corollaries: Goal-motive congruence, goal-cultural value congruence, goal-resources congruence, goal conflict, and adapting goals to changes in circumstances. The principle of goal implementation has two corollaries: Goal concreteness and goal commitment. Finally, the goal attainment principle has three corollaries: Recognition of goal attainment, intensity versus frequency of positive feedback, and progress reports.

Keywords

employee well-being job satisfaction work satisfaction quality of work life quality of working life subjective well-being life satisfaction happiness perceived quality of life goal theory 

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© Springer Science + Business Media B.V. / The International Society for Quality-of-Life Studies (ISQOLS) 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Marketing, Pamplin College of BusinessVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State UniversityBlacksburgUSA

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