Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 418–427

A Common Neuronal Response to Alphaherpesvirus Infection

  • Moriah L. Szpara
  • Oren Kobiler
  • Lynn W. Enquist
INVITED REVIEW

Abstract

Alphaherpesviruses are a subfamily of the Herpesviridae that can invade the nervous system and establish either lytic or latent infections. The establishment of latent infection can occur only in neurons, indicating a unique virus–host interaction in these cells. Here, we compare results from seven microarray studies that focused on the host response of either neural tissue or isolated neurons to alphaherpesvirus infection. These studies utilized either herpes simplex virus type 1 or pseudorabies virus as the infectious agent. From these data, we have found common host responses spanning a variety of infection models in different species, with different herpesvirus strains, and during all phases of infection including lytic, latent, and reactivation. The repeated observation of transcriptional effects on these genes and gene families indicates their likely importance in host defenses or the viral infectious process. We discuss the possible role of these different genes and genes families in alphaherpesvirus infection.

Keywords

alphaherpesviruses HSV-1 virus latency microarray neurons gene expression 

Supplementary material

11481_2010_9212_MOESM1_ESM.xls (66 kb)
Supplemental Table 1(XLS 65 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Moriah L. Szpara
    • 1
  • Oren Kobiler
    • 1
  • Lynn W. Enquist
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and Princeton Neuroscience InstitutePrinceton UniversityPrincetonUSA

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