Fear of Missing Out and Procrastination as Mediators Between Sensation Seeking and Adolescent Smartphone Addiction

  • Jiayi Wang
  • Pengcheng WangEmail author
  • Xiaofan Yang
  • Guohua Zhang
  • XingChao Wang
  • Fengqing Zhao
  • Meng Zhao
  • Li LeiEmail author
Original Article


Recent research has identified some risk factors for smartphone addiction. However, scarce research has examined the potential influence of sensation seeking on smartphone addiction, and little is known regarding the mediating mechanisms underlying this relationship. The present study examined the predictive role of sensation seeking on adolescent smartphone addiction and investigated whether fear of missing out (FoMO) and procrastination sequentially mediated the relation between sensation seeking and adolescent smartphone addiction. A sample of 794 adolescents completed questionnaires regarding demographics, sensation seeking, FoMO, procrastination, and smartphone addiction. After controlling for demographic covariates, the results indicated that (a) sensation seeking was positively associated with smartphone addiction; (b) both FoMO and procrastination partially mediated the relation between sensation seeking and adolescent smartphone addiction; and (c) FoMO and procrastination sequentially mediated the relation between sensation seeking and adolescent smartphone addiction. This study highlights the underlying mechanisms between sensation seeking and adolescent smartphone addiction, which has important implications for the preventions and interventions of adolescent problematic smartphone use in this digital era.


Adolescents Sensation seeking Smartphone addiction FOMO Procrastination 



Zhejiang Provincial Foundation of Philosophy and Social Sciences(17NDJC162YB).

Compliance with Ethical Standards

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of Interests

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed Consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Psychology, The Center of Internet + Social PsychologyRenmin University of ChinaBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, School of PsychiatryWenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouChina
  3. 3.School of EducationShanxi UniversityTaiyuanChina
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyZhengzhou UniversityZhengzhouChina
  5. 5.Beijing Municipal Administration of Education and CorrectionBeijingChina

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