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Determining The Relationship of Over-Exercise to Smartphone Overuse and Emotional Intelligence Levels in Gym-Goers: the Example of Burdur, Turkey

  • Gul Ergun
  • Aysun Guzel
Original Article
  • 89 Downloads

Abstract

This study aims to determine the relationship of exercise dependence to smartphone addiction and the emotional intelligence levels of gym-goers in the province of Burdur, Turkey. The study is a cross-sectional epidemiological research study. The research data were collected between 15 March and 1 June, 2017. The population of the study consisted of 822 individuals who exercised regularly (at least three times a week) in fitness centers located in the province of Burdur. An attempt was made to reach the entire population without sample selection. Seven hundred seventy-eight individuals were reached. The participation level of the study was 94.6%. The “Personal Information Form”, the “Exercise Dependence Scale-21” (EDS-21), the “Smartphone Addiction Scale Short Form-II” (SAS-SF), and the “Schutte Emotional Intelligence Scale” (SEIS) were used for data collection. It was found that the individuals with over-exercise had a high level of smartphone overuse and a low level of utilization of emotions.

Keywords

Emotional intelligence Exercise dependence Fitness center Smartphone addiction 

Notes

Authors’ Contributions

All authors have contributed significantly to the writing of the manuscript and all authors are in agreement with its content.

Funding

The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Ethical Considerations

Ethical permission was obtained from the Non-invasive Clinical Research Ethics Board of M. A. E. University (GO2017/89). Permission was also granted by the Administration of the Fitness Centers in Burdur. The written informed consent of the participants was also collected. All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of University’s Research Ethics Board and with the 1975 Helsinki Declaration.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

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Copyright information

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Heath Sciences, Department of NursingMehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of Heath Sciences, Department of Emergency Aid and Disaster ManagementMehmet Akif Ersoy UniversityBurdurTurkey

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