International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

, Volume 16, Issue 6, pp 1312–1321 | Cite as

Survey on Drug Use Among People Living with HIV in Hong Kong

  • M. P. LeeEmail author
  • M. L. Chan
  • Y. T. Chan
  • S. N. Chan
  • P. Yu
  • W. Y. Chung
  • W. Lam
Original Article


This study investigated the prevalence of drug use and the drug use behavior among people living with HIV in Hong Kong. In this cross-sectional survey, subjects were recruited by convenience sampling from the out-patient clinic of a HIV treatment center. A total of 500 subjects completed the questionnaire between January and May 2017. About one third (31.4%, n = 157) participants reported drug use behavior. Common substances used included methamphetamine (65%), rush poppers (59.2%), gamma-hydroxybutyrate (56.7%), ketamine (49%), ecstasy (45.9%), cannabis (34.4%), cocaine (18.5%), cough medicine (15.3%), and heroin (7%). Polydrug use was common (51%). Younger age, men who have sex with men, history of sexually transmitted infections, and smoking were independently associated with drug use. About 34.4% drug users had co-existing mental illnesses. Most drug users (91.1%) had never received any form of drug treatment services. Linking HIV-infected drug users to drug addiction treatment services is needed.


Drug use HIV MSM Mental illness 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 2000 (5). Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. P. Lee
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. L. Chan
    • 2
  • Y. T. Chan
    • 1
  • S. N. Chan
    • 1
  • P. Yu
    • 1
  • W. Y. Chung
    • 1
  • W. Lam
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineQueen Elizabeth HospitalKowloonHong Kong SAR
  2. 2.Integrated Centre on Addiction Prevention and TreatmentTung Wah Group of HospitalsWanchaiHong Kong SAR

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