Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidal Behavior in a Diverse Sample: The Moderating Role of Social Problem-Solving Ability

  • Kristin L. Walker
  • Jameson K. Hirsch
  • Edward C. Chang
  • Elizabeth L. Jeglic
Original Article


Non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal behavior are prevalent in young adults, and often constitute a continuum of self-destructiveness. Not all those who self-injure, however, engage in suicidal behaviors with intent to die, perhaps due to protective intrapersonal characteristics. We examined the role of one such potential buffer, social problem-solving ability, as a moderator of the association between non-suicidal self-injury and suicidal thoughts and attempts, hypothesizing that individuals with greater social problem-solving ability would report fewer suicidal behaviors in relation to self-harm. An ethnically diverse sample was recruited from a large, Northeastern urban university, and completed self-report questionnaires assessing non-suicidal self-injury, suicidal behaviors, and social problem-solving ability. Multivariate hierarchical regression analyses were conducted. For the entire sample, individuals with higher social problem-solving abilities reported fewer suicidal behaviors associated with non-suicidal self-injury. In ethnically stratified analyses, social problem-solving significantly moderated the relationship between self-injury and suicidal behaviors for Whites and Hispanics only. Promotion of problem-solving skills may weaken the linkage between self-injury and potential for future suicidal behaviors for some individuals; however, culture-specific differences in this effect may exist.


Non-suicidal self-injury Suicidal behavior Social problem-solving Ethnicity 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kristin L. Walker
    • 1
  • Jameson K. Hirsch
    • 2
  • Edward C. Chang
    • 3
  • Elizabeth L. Jeglic
    • 4
  1. 1.Beverly HillsUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyEast Tennessee State UniversityJohnson CityUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  4. 4.John Jay College of Criminal JusticeCity University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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