Social Entrepreneurship and Mental Health Intervention: a Literature Review and Scan of Expert Perspectives

  • Sean A. KiddEmail author
  • Nick Kerman
  • Donald Cole
  • Athena Madan
  • Elisha Muskat
  • Shoba Raja
  • Susmitha Rallabandi
  • Kwame McKenzie


Across health and social service sectors internationally there has been a rapid uptake of social entrepreneurship (SE) as a model for developing innovative and scalable interventions. However, much less is known about its utility and use in mental health services. This paper employs a scoping review and qualitative interviews with 27 leading social entrepreneurs working in mental health to assess the uptake of SE in the literature and to articulate this concept for mental health. The findings suggested both the potential of SE as a frame for advancing services and a paucity of research into specific processes and impacts.


Social entrepreneurship Social enterprise Mental health services Global mental health Review 



This work was supported by Grand Challenges Canada under grant #0326-04. There are no competing interests related to this work for any of the authors. Appreciation is extended to Ashoka Global, Ashoka Canada, and Basic Needs.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sean A. Kidd
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nick Kerman
    • 2
  • Donald Cole
    • 3
  • Athena Madan
    • 4
  • Elisha Muskat
    • 5
  • Shoba Raja
    • 6
  • Susmitha Rallabandi
    • 4
  • Kwame McKenzie
    • 7
  1. 1.Department of Psychiatry, Toronto Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social SciencesUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  3. 3.Dalla Lana School of Public HealthUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.Toronto Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthOttawaCanada
  5. 5.Ashoka CanadaTorontoCanada
  6. 6.Basic Needs Policy and Practice DirectorateBangaloreIndia
  7. 7.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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