What Influences the Beliefs, Behaviours and Consumption Patterns of ‘Moderate Risk’ Gamblers?
- First Online:
- 515 Downloads
Gambling is emerging as a significant health issue. Problem gambling does not develop instantaneously and is often the result of risky consumption patterns over a period of time. Early intervention strategies depend on a detailed understanding of ‘at risk’ gamblers, yet surprisingly little is known about this group. This qualitative study explores the beliefs, behaviours, risk perceptions, and consumption patterns of 35 individuals who were screened as having ‘moderate risk’ gambling behaviours. Two thirds of participants gambled at least once a week and most consumed multiple types of gambling products. Participants gambled for social or emotional reasons, with many using gambling as a mechanism to socially connect and interact with others. Perceptions of behavioural control led many to believe that they were not at risk or could control gambling risks. Understanding the range of drivers that influence gambling risk is essential in developing prevention and harm minimisation strategies.
KeywordsGambling Moderate risk Risk factors Beliefs and behaviours Consumption Prevention
- Binde, P. (2011). What are the most harmful forms of gambling? Analyzing problem gambling prevalence surveys. CEFOS Working Paper 12 (pp. 1–27). Center for Public Sector Research.Google Scholar
- Boldero, J. M., & Bell, R. C. (2012). Chance-and skill-based dimensions underlying young Australians’ gambling activities and their relationships with gambling problems and other factors. International Gambling Studies, 12(2), 145–162. doi:10.1080/14459795.2011.643907.
- Crotty, M. (1998). The foundations of social research: Meaning and perspective in the research process. St Leonards: Allen and Unwin.Google Scholar
- Devlin, M. E., & Walton, D. (2012). The prevalence of problem gambling in New Zealand as measured by the PGSI: adjusting prevalence estimates using meta-analysis. International Gambling Studies, 1–21. doi:10.1080/14459795.2011.653384.
- Dey, I. (1999). Grounding grounded theory: Guidelines for qualitative inquiry. London: Academic.Google Scholar
- Ferris, J., & Wynne, H. (2001). The Canadian Problem Gambling Index: Final Report. Submitted for the Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse (CCSA).Google Scholar
- Guba, E., & Lincoln, Y. (1989). Fourth generation evaluation. Newbury Park: Sage.Google Scholar
- Hodgins, D. C., Schopflocher, D. P., Martin, C. R., El-Guebaly, N., Casey, D. M., Currie, S. R., et al. (2012). Disordered gambling among higher-frequency gamblers: who is at risk? Psychological Medicine, 1–12. doi:10.1017/S0033291712000724.
- QSR International Pty Ltd (2012). QSR NVivo 10.Google Scholar
- Kallmen, H., Andersson, P., & Andren, A. (2008). Are irrational beliefs and depressive mood more common among problem gamblers than non-gamblers? A survey study of Swedish problem gamblers and controls. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24(4), 441–450. doi:10.1007/s10899-008-9101-0.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Marshall, K., & Wynne, H. (2003). Fighting the Odds. Perspectives on Labour & Income.Google Scholar
- Ministry of Health (2009). A Focus on Problem Gambling: Results of the 2006/07 New Zealand Health Survey. Wellington Ministry of Health.Google Scholar
- Parliamentary Joint Select Committee on Gambling Reform (2011). Second report. Interactive and online gambling and gambling advertising. Interactive Gambling and Broadcasting Amendment (Online Transactions and Other Measures) Bill 2011. (pp. 241–242). Canberra.Google Scholar
- Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks: Sage.Google Scholar
- Productivity Commission (2010). Gambling. (Vol. 1). Canberra.Google Scholar
- Silverman, D. (2005). Doing qualitative research: A practical handbook. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Strauss, A. L., & Corbin, J. M. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
- The University of Sydney (2011). Online sports betting has created new generation of problem gamblers. http://sydney.edu.au/news/84.html?newsstoryid=6545.
- Thomas, S. L., & Lewis, S. (2012). Conceptualisations of gambling risks and benefits. A socio-cultural study of 100 Victorian gamblers. Melbourne: Monash University.Google Scholar
- Thomas, S. L., Lewis, S., McLeod, C., & Haycock, J. (2011). “They are working every angle”. A qualitative study of Australian adults’ attitudes towards, and interactions with, gambling industry marketing strategies. International Gambling Studies, 12(1), 111–127. doi:10.1080/14459795.2011.639381.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Wardle, H., Moody, A., Spence, S., Orford, J., Volberg, R., Jotangia, D., et al. (2011). British gambling prevalence survey. Prepared for the gambling commission. London: National Centre for Social Research.Google Scholar
- Wickwire, E. M., Whelan, J. P., Meyers, A. W., McCausland, C., Luellen, J., & Studaway, A. (2008). Environmental correlates of gambling behaviour among college students: a partial application of problem behaviour theory to gambling. Journal of College Student Development, 49, 459–475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar