Socio-cultural Factors Associated with the Initiation of Opium Use in Darab, Iran

  • Siavash Jafari
  • Afarin Rahimi Movaghar
  • Kevin Craib
  • Souzan Baharlou
  • Richard Mathias


This study aimed to identify socio-cultural factors facilitating initiation of opium use among drug users in Darab, Iran. A qualitative study using in-depth interviews was conducted. The study began in June 2006 and included 76 drug users, aged 20–43, of whom 95% (72) were male, and 5% (4) were female. The five most common factors facilitating initiation of drug use were revealed to be: lack of hobbies, treatment of general medical problems, modeling, peer networks, and cultural norms. Partner pressure was a common complaint among women in this study. Cultural factors perceived to facilitate initiation of drug use revealed in this study have not been fully addressed by current prevention and rehabilitation programs. Programs can be targeted at social and family levels to alter drug use culture.


Opium use Initiation of drug use First time drug use Culture and drug use Iran 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Siavash Jafari
    • 1
  • Afarin Rahimi Movaghar
    • 1
  • Kevin Craib
    • 1
  • Souzan Baharlou
    • 1
  • Richard Mathias
    • 1
  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada

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