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Perceived Social Support, Coping Strategies and Alcohol Use among Rural Adolescents/USA Sample

  • Ayman M. Hamdan-MansourEmail author
  • Kathryn Puskar
  • Susan M. Sereika
Article

Abstract

Purpose

Rural adolescents are under-researched in substance use studies. The purpose of this study was to determine whether perceived social support and coping strategies predict rural adolescents’ alcohol use.

Materials and Methods

Ordinal logistic regression was used to examine the relationship among alcohol use levels, coping strategies, and perceived social support. A total of 376 females and 248 males (average age 16 years) recruited from four rural high schools.

Results

Perceived family social support was a strong protective factor against alcohol use (OR=1.05, p Wald=0.002) while avoidance coping strategy was a strong risk factor of alcohol use (OR=1.022, p Wald=0.008). Female and male rural adolescents were significantly different in alcohol use level (χ 2=15.77, df=2/623, p=<0.001).

Conclusion

Avoidance coping strategies and perception of social support from family are strong predictors of alcohol level among rural adolescents.

Keywords

Alcohol use Rural adolescence Social support Coping strategies 

Notes

Acknowledgement

The study was funded by NIH, NINR grant number R01 NR 03616.

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Copyright information

© Springer Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ayman M. Hamdan-Mansour
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kathryn Puskar
    • 2
  • Susan M. Sereika
    • 3
  1. 1.University of JordanAmmanJordan
  2. 2.Department of Health and Community systemsSchool of Nursing-University of PittsburghPittsburghUSA
  3. 3.The Center for Nursing ResearchSchool of Nursing-University of PittsburghPittsburgUSA

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