pp 1–7 | Cite as

Design and Analysis of a Novel Optical Circulator Based on Photonic Crystal for Photonic Integrated Circuit Applications

  • Prabu KEmail author
  • Dhanashree Nasre


In this paper, a novel design of a 4-port optical circulator is proposed using two-dimensional square lattice photonic crystal ring resonators. This design is suitable for photonic integrated circuit applications and allows the design to function in both clockwise and anticlockwise mode. It presents the evaluated transmission of over 84%. The nanowires in this structure are made up of silicon having a refractive index of 3.46 surrounded with air. The wide range of wavelength covers the third window of transmission, so the wavelength in this range can pass across the offered design of optical circulator. The transmission range of wavelengths is calculated and analyzed.


Four port circulator Photonic crystal Ring resonator 



  1. 1.
    Rashki Z, Chabok SJSM (2017) Novel design of optical channel drop filters based on two-dimensional photonic crystal ring resonators. Opt Commun 395:231–235CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Mack CA (2011) Fifty years of Moore’s law. IEEE Trans Semicond Manuf 24(2):202–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Schaller RR (1997) Moore’s law: past, present and future. IEEE Spectr 34(6):52–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Djavida M, Dastjerdib MHT, Philip MR, Choudhary DD, Khreishah A, Nguyena HPT (2017) 4-port reciprocal optical circulators employing photonic crystals for integrated photonics circuits. Optik 144:586–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu Q, Tu X, Kim KW, Kee JS, Shin Y, Han K, Yoon YJ, Lo GQ, Park MK (2013) Highly sensitive Mach–Zehnder interferometer biosensor based on silicon nitride slot waveguide. Sensors Actuators B: Chem 188:681–688CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dai D, Wang Z, Peters J, Bowers JE (2012) Compact polarization beam splitter using an asymmetrical Mach–Zehnder interferometer based on silicon-on-insulator waveguides. IEEE Photon Technol Lett 24(8):673–675CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shoji Y, Shirato Y, Mizumoto T (2014) Silicon Mach–Zehnder interferometer optical isolator having 8 nm bandwidth for over 20 dB isolation. Jpn J Appl Phys 53(2):022202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Djavid M et al (2008) Hetero structure photonic crystal channel drop filters using mirror cavities. J Opt A Pure Appl Opt 10(5):055203CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Djavid M, Abrishamian MS (2007) Photonic crystal channel drop filters with mirror cavities. Opt Quant Electron 39(14):1183–1190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Djavid M, Monifi F, Ghaffari A, Abrishamian MS (2008) Hetero structure wavelength division demultiplexers using photonic crystal ring resonators. Opt Commun 281(15):4028–4032CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dideban A, Habibiyan H, Ghafoorifard H (2014) Photonic crystal channel drop filters based on fractal structures. Phys E 63:304–310CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Berenger J-P (1994) A perfectly matched layer for the absorption of electromagnetic waves. J Comput Phys 114(2):185–200CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringNational Institute of Technology KarnatakaMangaloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Communication EngineeringVellore Institute of Technology (VIT)VelloreIndia

Personalised recommendations