Advertisement

Plasmonics

pp 1–8 | Cite as

Enhanced Air Microcavity of Channel SPP Waveguide HALby Graphene Material

  • Ge Wang
  • Jun Zhu
  • Duqu Wei
  • Frank Jiang
  • Yuanmin Huang
Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

The two-dimensional material, represented by graphene, is an immediate research focus of interdisciplinary fields, such as nanophotonics and life sciences. The unique advantages of surface plasmon polaritons, such as enhanced transmission and sub-wavelength structure, bring opportunities for achieving all optical circuits. In this paper, based on graphene, silicon dioxide, air cavity, and so on, a novel channel surface plasma waveguide was developed. By contrasting the waveguide characteristics of graphene and gold, it is found that the mode field could be restricted in air cavity region using graphene, and the deep sub-wavelength of light field was restrained. Besides, through finite element simulation, it is investigated that propagation losses could be as low as 0.019 dB/μm, the area of normalized mode field could be as low as 0.014 λ2, and the limiting factor is 0.5. Compared with the current waveguide, the above result shows that the propagation losses is an order of magnitude lower; 20.52% of limiting factor is promoted, besides; better waveguide characteristics could be obtained with realization of sub-wavelength optical field limit. Meanwhile, the production process of waveguide structure is simple, and it is an important way to solve the high speed and miniaturization and integration of optoelectronic integrated technology in the future.

Keywords

Graphene Air microcavity Surface plasmon polaritons 

Notes

Funding Sources

This work was supported by Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (2017GXNSFAA198261), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 61762018), Guangxi Youth Talent Program (F-KA16016), Innovation Project of Guangxi Graduate Education(XJGY201807, XJGY201811), Guangxi Scholarship Fund of Guangxi Education Department, and Youth Backbone Teacher Growth Support Plan of Guangxi Normal University (Shi Zheng Personnel (2012) 136).

References

  1. 1.
    Dionne JA, Sweatlock LA, Atwater HA, Polman A (2006) Plasmon slot waveguides: towards chip-scale propagation with subwavelength-scale localization. Phys Rev B 73(3):035407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Holmgaard T, Bozhevolnyi SI (2007) Theoretical analysis of dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides. Phys Rev B 75:245405CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Holmgaard T, Gosciniakand J, Bozhevolnyi SI (2010) Long-range dielectric-loaded surface plasmon-polariton waveguides. Opt Express 18(22):23009–23015CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Oulton RF, Sorger VJ, Genov DA, Pile DFP, Zhang X (2008) A hybrid plasmonic waveguide for subwavelength confinement and long range propagation. Nat Photonics 2(8):496–500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Liu JT, Xu BZ, Zhang J (2012) Gain-assisted indented plasmonic waveguide for low-threshold nanolaser applications. Chinese. Phys B 21(10):424–428Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Magno G, Grande M, Petruzzelli V et al (2013) Asymmetric hybrid double dielectric loaded plasmonic waveguides for sensing applications. Sensors Actuators B Chem 186(186):148–155CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    J M, Chen L, Li X, Huang WP (2013) Hybrid nano ridge plasmonic polaritons waveguides. Appl Phys Lett 103(13):131107–131107–4Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Olyaeefar B, Khoshsima H, Khorram S (2015) Inverse-rib hybrid plasmonic waveguide for low-loss deep sub-wavelength surface plasmon polariton propagation. Opt Quant Electron 47(7):1791–1800CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S Wang XY, Wang B, Li et al (2017) Unusual scaling laws for plasmonic nanolasers beyond the diffraction limit. Nat Commun 8(1):1889CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Jablan M, Buljan H, Soljacic M (2009) Plasmonics in graphene at infra-red frequencies. Phys Rev B 80(24):245435CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ooi KJA, Chu HS, LK Ang PB (2013) Mid-infrared active graphene nanoribbon plasmonic waveguide devices. J Opt Soc Am B 30(12):3111–3116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mikhailov SA, Ziegler K (2007) New electromagnetic mode in graphene. Phys Rev Lett 99(1):016803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sun Y, Bian Y, Zhao X, Zheng Z et al (2013) Low-loss graphene plasmonic waveguide based on a high-index dielectric wedge for tight optical confinement. Lasers Electro-opt 14381182Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lv HB, Liu YM, ZY Y et al (2014) Hybrid plasmonic waveguides for low-threshold nanolaser applications. Chin Opt Lett 12(11):112401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    YS Bian Z, Zheng X, Zhao L, Liu J et al (2013) Nanowire based hybrid plasmonic structures for low-threshold lasing at the subwavelength scale. Opt Commun 287:245–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sun Y, Zheng Z, Cheng J, Liu J (2014) Graphene surface plasmon waveguides incorporating high-index dielectric ridges for single mode transmission. Opt Commun 328(10):124–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Electronic EngineeringGuangxi Normal UniversityGuilinChina
  2. 2.College of Mathematics and StatisticGuangxi Normal UniversityGuilinChina

Personalised recommendations