Advertisement

Plasmonics

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 117–123 | Cite as

Amplification of Absorption Induced by Localized Surface Plasmons in Superconducting Nanowire Single-Photon Detector

  • Qinyu Xue
  • Gang SongEmail author
  • Rongzhen Jiao
Article
  • 96 Downloads

Abstract

The absorption can be amplified by using tungsten silicide (WSi) and metallic nano-antennas, which is related with the detection efficiency of a superconducting nanowire single-photon detector based on surface plasmons. A metal slot sandwiched between two hydrogen silsequioxane (HSQ), WSi nanowire, and metallic fan nano-antennas are the elements of the proposed single-photon detector. The slot is also filled with HSQ and WSi nanowire is inserted in the top of the slot. Metallic fan nano-antennas are added no WSi nanowire and the all these elements are deposed on the sapphire substrate. Our results show that the absorption/the detection efficiency of our proposed structure is much larger than the one with the niobium nitride (NbN) nanowire. There is an optimal width of WSi nanowire and the distance between WSi nanowire and metallic nano-antennas for the absorption/the detection efficiency of the detector. Our structure provides suitable parameters for designing SNSPD in experiments.

Keywords

SNSPD WSi NbN Absorption 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Gang Song and Rongzhen Jiao have the same contributions to this work and the readers can also correspond with Rongzhen Jiao rzjiao@bupt.edu.cn. National Natural Science Foundationof China (No. 61571060); Fund of State Key Laboratory of Information Photonics and Optical Communications (Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications); PR China and Ministry of Science and Technology of China 2016YFA0301300

References

  1. 1.
    Eisaman MD, Fan J, Migdall A, Polyakov SV (2011) Invited review article: single-photon sources and detectors. Rev Sci Instrum 82:071101CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Warrier AR, Bingi J, Vijayan C (2016) Plasmon-assisted enhancement and tuning of optical properties in − I n 2 S 3 quantum dots. Plasmonics 11:953–961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chen J, Altepeter JB, Medic M, Lee KF, Gokden B, Hadfield RH, Nam SW, Kumar P (2008) Demonstration of a quantum controlled-NOT gate in the telecommunications band. Phys Rev Lett 100:133603CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Huang ZS, Dai QF, Lan S, Tie SL (2014) Numerical study of nanoparticle sensors based on the detection of the two-photon-induced luminescence of gold nanorod antennas. Plasmonics 9:1491–1500CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Natarajan CM, Tanner MG, Hadfield RH (2012) Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors: physics and applications. Supercond Sci Technol 25:063001CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Sun YT, Sun JD, Zhang XY, Qin H, Zhang BS, Wu DM (2012) Enhancement of terahertz coupling efficiency by improved antenna design in GaN/AlGaN high electron mobility transistor detectors, Chin. Phys. B 21:108504Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Yamashita T, MiKi S, Terai H, Wang Z (2013) Low-filling-factor superconducting single photon detector with high system detection efficiency. Opt Express 21:27177CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang ZP, Yu B (2017) Plasmonic control of refractive index without absorption in metallic photonic crystals doped with quantum dots. Plasmonics 1:8Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kerman AJ, Dauler EA, Keicher WE, Yang JKW, Berggren KK, Goltsman G, Voronov B (2006) Kinetic-inductance-limited reset time of superconducting nanowire photon counters. Appl Phys Lett 88:111116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Marsili F, Najafi F, Dauler E, Bellei F, Hu X, Csete M, Molnar RJ, Berggren KK (2011) Single-photon detectors based on ultranarrow superconducting nanowires. Nano Lett 11:2048–C2053CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Baek B, Lita AE, Verma V, Nam SW (2011) Superconducting a-WxSi1-x nanowire single-photon detector with saturated internal quantum efficiency from visible to 1850 nm. Appl Phys Lett 98:251105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hu XL, Dauler EA, Molnar RJ, Berggren KK (2011) Superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors integrated with optical nano-antenna. Opt Express 17:19Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Marsili F, Verma VB, Stern JA, Harrington S, Lita AE, Gerrits T, Vayshenker I, Baek B, Shaw MD, Mirin RP, Nam SW (2013) Detecting single infrared photons with 93% system efficiency. Nat Photon 10:1038Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Yang JKW, Kerman AJ, Dauler EA, Anant V, Rosfjord KM, Berggren KK (2007) Modeling the electrical and thermal response of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 17:581CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hadfield RH, Miller AJ, Nam SW, Kautz RL, Schwall RE (2005) Low-frequency phase locking in high-inductance superconducting nanowires. Appl Phys Lett 87:203505CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Rosfjord KM, Yang JKW, Dauler EA, Kerman AJ, Anant V, Voronov B, Goltsman GN, Berggren KK (2006) Nanowire single-photon detector with an integrated optical cavity and anti-reflection coating. Opt Express 14:527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Anant V, Kerman AJ, Dauler EA, Yang JKW, Rosfjord KM, Berggren KK (2008) Optical properties of superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors. Opt Express 16:1075–C10761CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhang C, Jiao RZ (2012) Performance of a superconducting single photon detector with nano-antenna. Chin Phys B 21:120306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Hu X, Holzwarth CW, Masciarelli D, Dauler EA, Berggren KK (2009) Efficiently coupling light to superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors. IEEE Trans Appl Supercond 19:336–C340CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yamada I, Kintaka K, Nishii J, Akioka S, Yamagishi Y, Saito M (2008) Transmittance enhancement of a wire-grid polarizer by antireflection coating. Opt Lett 3:10Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Wang D, Yang T, Crozier KB (2010) Optical antennas integrated with concentric ring gratings: electric field enhancement and directional radiation. Opt Express 18:10388CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Gaudio R, Renema JJ, Zhou Z, Verma VB, Lita AE, Shainline J, Stevens MJ, Mirin RP, Nam SW, Exter MP, Dood MJA, Fiore A (2016) Experimental investigation of the detection mechanism in WSi nanowire superconducting single photon detectors. Appl Phys Lett 109:031101CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Beijing University of Posts and TelecommunicationsHaidian DistrictChina

Personalised recommendations