, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 911–918 | Cite as

Nanoscale Control of Temperature Distribution Using a Plasmonic Trimer

  • Zuwen Liu
  • Qiang LiEmail author
  • Weichun Zhang
  • Yuanqing Yang
  • Min Qiu


A plasmonic trimer composed of three closely packed identical gold nanospheres for manipulating nanoscale temperature distribution is proposed. It is shown that heat can be unevenly distributed among the three particles, creating a high temperature gradient in the nanoscale space despite the strong thermalization effect. Moreover, the difference in temperature increment among the particles is sensitive to the polarization of incident light and can be continuously tuned. The dependence of the achievable temperature difference on the trimer parameters is also investigated. The ability of nanoscale selective heating provides a possible way of remotely manipulating the nanoscale thermally induced physical or chemical processes with unprecedented spatial precision.


Plasmonic trimer Photothermal effect Temperature distribution 



This work is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61275030, 61205030, 61235007, and 61425023), Qianjiang River Fellow Fund of Zhejiang Province, the Scientific Research Foundation for the Returned Overseas Chinese Scholars from the State Education Ministry, the Opened Fund of State Key Laboratory of Advanced Optical Communication Systems and Networks, Doctoral Fund of Ministry of Education of China (Grant No. 20120101120128), Zhejiang University K.P. Chao’s High Technology Development Foundation, the Swedish Research Council (VR), and VR’s Linnaeus center in Advanced Optics and Photonics (ADOPT).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zuwen Liu
    • 1
  • Qiang Li
    • 1
    Email author
  • Weichun Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuanqing Yang
    • 1
  • Min Qiu
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Modern Optical Instrumentation, Department of Optical EngineeringZhejiang UniversityHangzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Information and Communication TechnologyRoyal Institute of TechnologyKistaSweden

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