Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles for Plasmonic and Sensing Applications
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The localized surface plasmon resonance of a silver nanoparticle is responsible for its ability to strongly absorb and scatter light at specific wavelengths. The absorption and scattering spectra (i.e., plots of cross sections as a function of wavelength) of a particle can be predicted using Mie theory (for a spherical particle) or the discrete dipole approximation method (for particles in arbitrary shapes). In this review, we briefly discuss the calculated spectra for silver nanoparticles with different shapes and the synthetic methods available to produce these nanoparticles. As validated in recent studies, there is good agreement between the theoretically calculated and the experimentally measured spectra. We conclude with a discussion of new plasmonic and sensing applications enabled by the shape-controlled nanoparticles.
KeywordsSurface plasmon resonance Silver nanostructures Shape control Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy Sensing
This work was supported in part by NSF (DMR-0451788) and ACS (PRF-44353-AC10).
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