Colloidal Synthesis of Plasmonic Metallic Nanoparticles
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Solutions of Ag and Au nanoparticles are strongly colored because of localized surface plasmon resonance in the UV/visible spectral region. The optical properties of these nanoparticles may be tuned to suit the needs of the application. This article summarizes our work in recent years on the solution synthesis of nanoparticles with tunable optical properties. The systems of interest include zero-dimensional bimetallic Ag–Au nanoparticles with different structures, one-, two-, and three-dimensional anisotropic monometallic Ag or Au nanoparticles. All of these nanosystems were prepared from colloidal synthesis through simple changes in the synthesis conditions. This is a demonstration of the versatility of colloidal synthesis as a convenient scalable technique for tuning the properties of metallic nanoparticles.