Advertisement

Frontiers of Physics

, 13:138113 | Cite as

Two-dimensional materials: Emerging toolkit for construction of ultrathin high-efficiency microwave shield and absorber

  • Mingjun HuEmail author
  • Naibo Zhang
  • Guangcun Shan
  • Jiefeng Gao
  • Jinzhang Liu
  • Robert K. Y. LiEmail author
Review article
  • 841 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Graphene and other Two-Dimensional Materials (Eds. Daria Andreeva, Wencai Ren, Guangcun Shan & Kostya Novoselov)

Abstract

Two-dimensional (2D) materials generally have unusual physical and chemical properties owing to the confined electro-strong interaction in a plane and can exhibit obvious anisotropy and a significant quantum-confinement effect, thus showing great promise in many fields. Some 2D materials, such as graphene and MXenes, have recently exhibited extraordinary electromagnetic-wave shielding and absorbing performance, which is attributed to their special electrical behavior, large specific surface area, and low mass density. Compared with traditional microwave attenuating materials, 2D materials have several obvious inherent advantages. First, similar to other nanomaterials, 2D materials have a very large specific surface area and can provide numerous interfaces for the enhanced interfacial polarization as well as the reflection and scattering of electromagnetic waves. Second, 2D materials have a particular 2D morphology with ultrasmall thickness, which is not only beneficial for the penetration and dissipation of electromagnetic waves through the 2D nanosheets, giving rise to multiple reflections and the dissipation of electromagnetic energy, but is also conducive to the design and fabrication of various well-defined structures, such as layer-by-layer assemblies, core–shell particles, and porous foam, for broadband attenuation of electromagnetic waves. Third, owing to their good processability, 2D materials can be integrated into various multifunctional composites for multimode attenuation of electromagnetic energy. In addition to behaving as microwave reflectors and absorbers, 2D materials can act as impedance regulators and provide structural support for good impedance matching and setup of the optimal structure. Numerous studies indicate that 2D materials are among the most promising microwave attenuation materials. In view of the rapid development and enormous advancement of 2D materials in shielding and absorbing electromagnetic wave, there is a strong need to summarize the recent research results in this field for presenting a comprehensive view and providing helpful suggestions for future development.

Keywords

electromagnetic interference shielding microwave absorber graphene MXenes polymer nanocomposites 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the National Key R&D Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFE0204200), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC, Grant Nos. 51702009 and 21771017).

References

  1. 1.
    M. Ezawa, A topological insulator and helical zero mode in silicene under an inhomogeneous electric field, New J Phys. 14(3), 033003 (2012)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Q. Liu, X. Zhang, L. B. Abdalla, A. Fazzio, and A. Zunger, Switching a normal insulator into a topological insulator via electric field with application to phosphorene, Nano Lett. 15(2), 1222 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    F. F. Zhu, W. J. Chen, Y. Xu, C. L. Gao, D. D. Guan, C. H. Liu, D. Qian, S. C. Zhang, and J. F. Jia, Epitaxial growth of two-dimensional stanene, Nat. Mater. 14(10), 1020 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. Xu, L. Wang, Z. Liu, L. Chen, J. Guo, N. Kang, X. L. Ma, H. M. Cheng, and W. Ren, Large-area highquality 2D ultrathin Mo2C superconducting crystals, Nat. Mater. 14(11), 1135 (2015)ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    C. Gong, L. Li, Z. Li, H. Ji, A. Stern, Y. Xia, T. Cao, W. Bao, C. Wang, Y. Wang, Z. Q. Qiu, R. J. Cava, S. G. Louie, J. Xia, and X. Zhang, Discovery of intrinsic ferromagnetism in two-dimensional van der Waals crystals, Nature 546(7657), 265 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    B. Huang, G. Clark, E. Navarro-Moratalla, D. R. Klein, R. Cheng, K. L. Seyler, D. Zhong, E. Schmidgall, M. A. McGuire, D. H. Cobden, W. Yao, D. Xiao, P. Jarillo- Herrero, and X. Xu, Layer-dependent ferromagnetism in a van der Waals crystal down to the monolayer limit, Nature 546(7657), 270 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    N. Miao, B. Xu, N. C. Bristowe, J. Zhou, and Z. Sun, Tunable magnetism and extraordinary sunlight absorbance in indium triphosphide monolayer, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 139(32), 11125 (2017)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    N. Miao, B. Xu, L. Zhu, J. Zhou, and Z. Sun, Z. Sun, 2d intrinsic ferromagnets from van der Waals antiferromagnets, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 140(7), 2417 (2018)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    G. R. Bhimanapati, Z. Lin, V. Meunier, Y. Jung, J. Cha, S. Das, D. Xiao, Y. Son, M. S. Strano, V. R. Cooper, L. B. Liang, S. G. Louie, E. Ringe, W. Zhou, S. S. Kim, R. R. Naik, B. G. Sumpter, H. Terrones, F. N. Xia, Y. L. Wang, J. Zhu, D. Akinwande, N. Alem, J. A. Schuller, R. E. Schaak, M. Terrones, and J. A. Robinson, Recent advances in two-dimensional materials beyond graphene, ACS Nano 9(12), 11509 (2015)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. H. Deng, K. S. Novoselov, Q. Fu, N. F. Zheng, Z. Q. Tian, and X. H. Bao, Catalysis with two-dimensional materials and their heterostructures, Nat. Nanotechnol. 11(3), 218 (2016)ADSGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    C. L. Tan, X. H. Cao, X. J. Wu, Q. Y. He, J. Yang, X. Zhang, J. Z. Chen, W. Zhao, S. K. Han, G. H. Nam, M. Sindoro, and H. Zhang, Recent advances in ultrathin two-dimensional nanomaterials, Chem. Rev. 117(9), 6225 (2017)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    H. J. Yin and Z. Y. Tang, Ultrathin two-dimensional layered metal hydroxides: An emerging platform for advanced catalysis, energy conversion and storage, Chem. Soc. Rev. 45(18), 4873 (2016)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. S. Li, H. Huang, Y. J. Zhou, C. Y. Zhang, and Z. T. Li, Research progress of graphene-based microwave absorbing materials in the last decade, J. Mater. Res. 32(07), 1213 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. Lv, Y. Guo, Z. Yang, Y. Cheng, L. P. Wang, B. Zhang, Y. Zhao, Z. J. Xu, and G. Ji, A brief introduction to the fabrication and synthesis of graphene based composites for the realization of electromagnetic absorbing materials, J. Mater. Chem. C 5(3), 491 (2017)Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    S. A. Schelkunoff, Electromagnetic Waves, New York: Van Nostrand, 1943Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    F. Qin and C. Brosseau, A review and analysis of microwave absorption in polymer composites filled with carbonaceous particles, J. Appl. Phys. 111(6), 061301 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Naito and K. Suetake, Application of ferrite to electromagnetic wave absorber and its characteristics, IEEE T. Microw. Theory 19(1), 65 (1971)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Wu, Y. D. Zhang, S. Hui, T. D. Xiao, S. Ge, W. A. Hines, J. I. Budnick, and G. W. Taylor, Microwave magnetic properties of Co50/(SiO2)50 nanoparticles, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(23), 4404 (2002)ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    O. Acher and S. Dubourg, Generalization of Snoek’s law to ferromagnetic films and composites, Phys. Rev. B 77(10), 104440 (2008)ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. M. Thomassin, C. Jerome, T. Pardoen, C. Bailly, I. Huynen, and C. Detrembleur, Polymer/carbon based composites as electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding materials, Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep. 74(7), 211 (2013)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Y. I. Bhattacharjee, I. Arief, and S. Bose, Recent trends in multi-layered architectures towards screening electromagnetic radiation: challenges and perspectives, J. Mater. Chem. C 5(30), 7390 (2017)Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Geetha, K. K. Satheesh Kumar, C. R. K. Rao, M. Vijayan, and D. C. Trivedi, EMI shielding: Methods and materials-a review, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 112(4), 2073 (2009)Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Micheli, R. Pastore, C. Apollo, P. B. Morles, M. Marchetti, and G. Gradoni, in: Electromagnetic Characterization of Composite Materials and Microwave Absorbing Modeling, edited by B. Reddy, India: InTech, 2011, p. 359Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films, Science 306(5696), 666 (2004)ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    S. Stankovich, D. A. Dikin, G. H. B. Dommett, K. M. Kohlhaas, E. J. Zimney, E. A. Stach, R. D. Piner, S. T. Nguyen, and R. S. Ruoff, Graphene-based composite materials, Nature 442(7100), 282 (2006)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. K. Hong, K. Y. Kim, T. Y. Kim, J. H. Kim, S. W. Park, J. H. Kim, and B. J. Cho, Electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of monolayer graphene, Nanotechnology 23(45), 455704 (2012)Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Shen, W. Zhai, and W. Zheng, Ultrathin flexible graphene film: An excellent thermal conducting material with efficient EMI shielding, Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(28), 4542 (2014)Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Wang, X. J. Han, P. Xu, X. L. Zhang, Y. C. Du, S. R. Hu, J. Y. Wang, and X. H. Wang, The electromagnetic property of chemically reduced graphene oxide and its application as microwave absorbing material, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(7), 072906 (2011)ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    P. Kumar, F. Shahzad, S. Yu, S. M. Hong, Y. H. Kim, and C. M. Koo, Large-area reduced graphene oxide thin film with excellent thermal conductivity and electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness, Carbon 94, 494 (2015)Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Z. Lu, L. Ma, J. Tan, H. Wang, and X. Ding, Transparent multi-layer graphene/polyethylene terephthalate structures with excellent microwave absorption and electromagnetic interference shielding performance, Nanoscale 8(37), 16684 (2016)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    X. Bai, Y. H. Zhai, and Y. Zhang, Green approach to prepare graphene-based composites with high microwave absorption capacity, J Phys. Chem. C 115(23), 11673 (2011)Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Y. J. Chen, G. Xiao, T. S. Wang, Q. Y. Ouyang, L. H. Qi, Y. Ma, P. Gao, C. L. Zhu, M. S. Cao, and H. B. Jin, Porous Fe3O4/carbon core/shell nanorods: Synthesis and electromagnetic properties, J Phys. Chem. C 115(28), 13603 (2011)Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    K. Batrakov, P. Kuzhir, S. Maksimenko, A. Paddubskaya, S. Voronovich, P. Lambin, T. Kaplas, and Y. Svirko, Flexible transparent graphene/polymer multilayers for efficient electromagnetic field absorption, Sci. Rep. 4(1), 7191 (2015)Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    V. K. Singh, A. Shukla, M. K. Patra, L. Saini, R. K. Jani, S. R. Vadera, and N. Kumar, Microwave absorbing properties of a thermally reduced graphene oxide/nitrile butadiene rubber composite, Carbon 50(6), 2202 (2012)Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    S. T. Hsiao, C. C. M. Ma, H. W. Tien, W. H. Liao, Y. S. Wang, S. M. Li, C. Y. Yang, S. C. Lin, and R. B. Yang, Effect of covalent modification of graphene nanosheets on the electrical property and electromagnetic interference shielding performance of a waterborne polyurethane composite, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(4), 2817 (2015)Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    B. Quan, X. Liang, G. Ji, Y. Cheng, W. Liu, J. Ma, Y. Zhang, D. Li, and G. Xu, Dielectric polarization in electromagnetic wave absorption: Review and perspective, J. Alloys Compd. 728, 1065 (2017)Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    X. J. Zhao, W. P. Liu, X. B. Jiang, K. Liu, G. R. Peng, and Z. J. Zhan, Exploring the relationship of dielectric relaxation behavior and discharge efficiency of P(VDFHFP)/ PMMA blends by dielectric spectroscopy, Mater. Res. Express 3(7), 075304 (2016)ADSGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    F. Wu, Y. L. Xia, Y. Wang, and M. Y. Wang, Two-step reduction of self-assembled three-dimensional (3D) reduced graphene oxide (RGO)/zinc oxide (ZnO) nanocomposites for electromagnetic absorption, J. Mater. Chem. A 2(47), 20307 (2014)Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    P. B. Liu and Y. Huang, Synthesis of reduced graphene oxide-conducting polymers-Co3O4 composites and their excellent microwave absorption properties, RSC Advances 3(41), 19033 (2013)Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    J. N. Ma, W. Liu, B. Quan, X. H. Liang, and G. B. Ji, Incorporation of the polarization point on the graphene aerogel to achieve strong dielectric loss behavior, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 504, 479 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    X. H. Liang, B. Quan, G. B. Ji, W. Liu, H. Q. Zhao, S. S. Dai, J. Lv, and Y. W. Du, Tunable dielectric performance derived from the metal–organic framework/ reduced graphene oxide hybrid with broadband absorption, ACS Sustain. Chem. & Eng. 5(11), 10570 (2017)Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    X. N. Chen, F. C. Meng, Z. W. Zhou, X. Tian, L. M. Shan, S. B. Zhu, X. L. Xu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, D. Hui, Y. Wang, J. Lu, and J. H. Gou, One-step synthesis of graphene/polyaniline hybrids by in situ intercalation polymerization and their electromagnetic properties, Nanoscale 6(14), 8140 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    W. L. Song, J. Wang, L. Z. Fan, Y. Li, C. Y. Wang, and M. S. Cao, Interfacial engineering of carbon nanofibergraphene- carbon nanofiber heterojunctions in flexible lightweight electromagnetic shielding networks, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(13), 10516 (2014)Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    T. K. Gupta, B. P. Singh, R. B. Mathur, and S. R. Dhakate, Multi-walled carbon nanotube-graphenepolyaniline multiphase nanocomposite with superior electromagnetic shielding effectiveness, Nanoscale 6(2), 842 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    T. K. Gupta, B. P. Singh, V. N. Singh, S. Teotia, A. P. Singh, I. Elizabeth, S. R. Dhakate, S. K. Dhawan, and R. B. Mathur, MnO2 decorated graphene nanoribbons with superior permittivity and excellent microwave shielding properties, J. Mater. Chem. A 2(12), 4256 (2014)Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    X. J. Zhang, G. S. Wang, Y. Z. Wei, L. Guo, and M. S. Cao, Polymer-composite with high dielectric constant and enhanced absorption properties based on graphene- CuS nanocomposites and polyvinylidene fluoride, J. Mater. Chem. A 1(39), 12115 (2013)Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    X. J. Zhang, G. S. Wang, W. Q. Cao, Y. Z. Wei, M. S. Cao, and L. Guo, Fabrication of multi-functional PVDF/RGO composites via a simple thermal reduction process and their enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption and dielectric properties, RSC Advances 4(38), 19594 (2014)Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    M. K. Han, X. W. Yin, L. Kong, M. Li, W. Y. Duan, L. T. Zhang, and L. F. Cheng, Graphene-wrapped ZnO hollow spheres with enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. A 2(39), 16403 (2014)Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Y. L. Ren, H. Y. Wu, M. M. Lu, Y. J. Chen, C. L. Zhu, P. Gao, M. S. Cao, C. Y. Li, and Q. Y. Ouyang, Quaternary nanocomposites consisting of graphene, Fe3O4@Fe core@shell, and ZnO nanoparticles: Synthesis and excellent electromagnetic absorption properties, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 4(12), 6436 (2012)Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Y. Li and G. Li, Physics of Ferrites, Beijing: Science Press, 1978, p. 335Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    S. T. Zhang and W. Li, Condensed State Magnetic Physics, Beijing: Science Press, 2003, p. 393Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    X. J. Zhang, G. S. Wang, W. Q. Cao, Y. Z. Wei, J. F. Liang, L. Guo, and M. S. Cao, Enhanced microwave absorption property of reduced graphene oxide (RGO)-MnFe2O4 nanocomposites and polyvinylidene fluoride, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(10), 7471 (2014)Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Z. T. Zhu, X. Sun, H. R. Xue, H. Guo, X. L. Fan, X. C. Pan, and J. P. He, Graphene-carbonyl iron crosslinked composites with excellent electromagnetic wave absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. C 2(32), 6582 (2014)Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Y. Qing, D. Min, Y. Zhou, F. Luo, and W. Zhou, Graphene nanosheet- and flake carbonyl iron particlefilled epoxy-silicone composites as thin-thickness and wide-bandwidth microwave absorber, Carbon 86, 98 (2015)Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    T. T. Chen, F. Deng, J. Zhu, C. F. Chen, G. B. Sun, S. L. Ma, and X. J. Yang, Hexagonal and cubic Ni nanocrystals grown on graphene: Phase-controlled synthesis, characterization and their enhanced microwave absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. 22(30), 15190 (2012)Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    X. H. Li, J. Feng, Y. P. Du, J. T. Bai, H. M. Fan, H. L. Zhang, Y. Peng, and F. S. Li, One-pot synthesis of CoFe2O4/graphene oxide hybrids and their conversion into FeCo/graphene hybrids for lightweight and highly efficient microwave absorber, J. Mater. Chem. A Mater. Energy Sustain. 3(10), 5535 (2015)Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    L. N. Wang, X. L. Jia, Y. F. Li, F. Yang, L. Q. Zhang, L. P. Liu, X. Ren, and H. T. Yang, Synthesis and microwave absorption property of flexible magnetic film based on graphene oxide/carbon nanotubes and Fe3O4 nanoparticles, J. Mater. Chem. A 2(36), 14940 (2014)Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    D. P. Sun, Q. Zou, Y. P. Wang, Y. J. Wang, W. Jiang, and F. S. Li, Controllable synthesis of porous Fe3O4@Zno sphere decorated graphene for extraordinary electromagnetic wave absorption, Nanoscale 6(12), 6557 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    H. Lv, G. Ji, X. Liang, H. Zhang, and Y. Du, A novel rod-like MnO2@Fe loading on graphene giving excellent electromagnetic absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. C 3(19), 5056 (2015)Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    L. Wang, Y. Huang, X. Sun, H. J. Huang, P. B. Liu, M. Zong, and Y. Wang, Synthesis and microwave absorption enhancement of graphene@Fe3O4@SiO2@NiO nanosheet hierarchical structures, Nanoscale 6(6), 3157 (2014)ADSGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    A. P. Singh, P. Garg, F. Alam, K. Singh, R. B. Mathur, R. P. Tandon, A. Chandra, and S. K. Dhawan, Phenolic resin-based composite sheets filled with mixtures of reduced graphene oxide, gamma-Fe2O3 and carbon fibers for excellent electromagnetic interference shielding in the X-band, Carbon 50(10), 3868 (2012)Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    H. L. Xu, H. Bi, and R. B. Yang, Enhanced microwave absorption property of bowl-like Fe3O4 hollow spheres/reduced graphene oxide composites, J. Appl. Phys. 111, 07A522 (2012)Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    K. Singh, A. Ohlan, V. H. Pham, B. R, S. Varshney, J. Jang, S. H. Hur, W. M. Choi, M. Kumar, S. K. Dhawan, B. S. Kong, and J. S. Chung, Nanostructured graphene/Fe3O4 incorporated polyaniline as a high performance shield against electromagnetic pollution, Nanoscale 5(6), 2411 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Y. Chen, Y. Li, M. Yip, and N. Tai, Electromagnetic interference shielding efficiency of polyaniline composites filled with graphene decorated with metallic nanoparticles, Compos. Sci. Technol. 80, 80 (2013)Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Y. J. Chen, Z. Y. Lei, H. Y. Wu, C. L. Zhu, P. Gao, Q. Y. Ouyang, L. H. Qi, and W. Qin, Electromagnetic absorption properties of graphene/Fe nanocomposites, Mater. Res. Bull. 48(9), 3362 (2013)Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    X. C. Zhao, Z. M. Zhang, L. Y. Wang, K. Xi, Q. Q. Cao, D. H. Wang, Y. Yang, and Y. W. Du, Excellent microwave absorption property of graphene-coated Fe nanocomposites, Sci. Rep. 3(1), 3421 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    G. Z. Wang, Z. Gao, G. P. Wan, S. W. Lin, P. Yang, and Y. Qin, High densities of magnetic nanoparticles supported on graphene fabricated by atomic layer deposition and their use as efficient synergistic microwave absorbers, Nano Res. 7(5), 704 (2014)Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    J. Feng, F. Z. Pu, Z. X. Li, X. H. Li, X. Y. Hu, and J. T. Bai, Interfacial interactions and synergistic effect of CoNi nanocrystals and nitrogen-doped graphene in a composite microwave absorber, Carbon 104, 214 (2016)Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    C. G. Hu, Z. Y. Mou, G. W. Lu, N. Chen, Z. L. Dong, M. J. Hu, and Qu, graphene-Fe3O4 nanocomposites with high-performance microwave absorption, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15(31), 13038 (2013)Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    X. H. Li, H. B. Yi, J. W. Zhang, J. Feng, F. S. Li, D. S. Xue, H. L. Zhang, Y. Peng, and N. J. Mellors, Fe3O4- graphene hybrids: Nanoscale characterization and their enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption in gigahertz range, J. Nanopart. Res. 15(3), 1472 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    X. L. Zheng, J. Feng, Y. Zong, H. Miao, X. Y. Hu, J. T. Bai, and X. H. Li, Hydrophobic graphene nanosheets decorated by monodispersed superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanocrystals as synergistic electromagnetic wave absorbers, J. Mater. Chem. C 3(17), 4452 (2015)Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    T. S. Wang, Z. H. Liu, M. M. Lu, B. Wen, Q. Y. Ouyang, Y. J. Chen, C. L. Zhu, P. Gao, C. Y. Li, M. S. Cao, and L. H. Qi, Graphene-Fe3O4 nanohybrids: Synthesis and excellent electromagnetic absorption properties, J. Appl. Phys. 113(2), 024314 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    D. Z. Chen, G. S. Wang, S. He, J. Liu, L. Guo, and M. S. Cao, Controllable fabrication of mono-dispersed RGOhematite nanocomposites and their enhanced wave absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. A 1(19), 5996 (2013)Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    L. Kong, X. W. Yin, Y. J. Zhang, X. Y. Yuan, Q. Li, F. Ye, L. F. Cheng, and L. T. Zhang, Electromagnetic wave absorption properties of reduced graphene oxide modified by maghemite colloidal nanoparticle clusters, J Phys. Chem. C 117(38), 19701 (2013)Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    M. Fu, Q. Z. Jiao, Y. Zhao, and H. S. Li, Vapor diffusion synthesis of CoFe2O4 hollow sphere/graphene composites as absorbing materials, J. Mater. Chem. A 2(3), 735 (2014)Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    M. Zong, Y. Huang, H. W. Wu, Y. Zhao, Q. F. Wang, and X. Sun, One-pot hydrothermal synthesis of rGO/CoFe2O4 composite and its excellent microwave absorption properties, Mater. Lett. 114, 52 (2014)Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    X. H. Li, J. Feng, H. Zhu, C. H. Qu, J. T. Bai, and X. L. Zheng, Sandwich-like graphene nanosheets decorated with superparamagnetic CoFe2O4 nanocrystals and their application as an enhanced electromagnetic wave absorber, RSC Advances 4(63), 33619 (2014)Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    M. Fu, Q. Z. Jiao, and Y. Zhao, Preparation of NiFe2O4 nanorod-graphene composites via an ionic liquid assisted one-step hydrothermal approach and their microwave absorbing properties, J. Mater. Chem. A 1(18), 5577 (2013)Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    J. Z. He, X. X. Wang, Y. L. Zhang, and M. S. Cao, Small magnetic nanoparticles decorating reduced graphene oxides to tune the electromagnetic attenuation capacity, J. Mater. Chem. C 4(29), 7130 (2016)Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    H. L. Lv, Y. H. Guo, G. L. Wu, G. B. Ji, Y. Zhao, and Z. C. J. Xu, Interface polarization strategy to solve electromagnetic wave interference issue, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(6), 5660 (2017)Google Scholar
  81. 81.
    X. B. Li, S. W. Yang, J. Sun, P. He, X. P. Pu, and G. Q. Ding, Enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption performances of Co3O4 nanocube/reduced graphene oxide composite, Synth. Met. 194, 52 (2014)Google Scholar
  82. 82.
    M. Verma, A. P. Singh, P. Sambyal, B. P. Singh, S. K. Dhawan, and V. Choudhary, Barium ferrite decorated reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite for effective electromagnetic interference shielding, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(3), 1610 (2015)Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    B. Qu, C. L. Zhu, C. Y. Li, X. T. Zhang, and Y. J. Chen, Coupling hollow Fe3O4-Fe nanoparticles with graphene sheets for high-performance electromagnetic wave absorbing material, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(6), 3730 (2016)Google Scholar
  84. 84.
    A. P. Singh, M. Mishra, A. Chandra, and S. K. Dhawan, Graphene oxide/ferrofluid/cement composites for electromagnetic interference shielding application, Nanotechnology 22(46), 465701 (2011)Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    W. L. Song, L. Z. Fan, M. S. Cao, M. M. Lu, C. Y. Wang, J. Wang, T. T. Chen, Y. Li, Z. L. Hou, J. Liu, and Y. P. Sun, Facile fabrication of ultrathin graphene papers for effective electromagnetic shielding, J. Mater. Chem. C 2(25), 5057 (2014)Google Scholar
  86. 86.
    W. L. Song, M. S. Cao, M. M. Lu, J. Yang, H. F. Ju, Z. L. Hou, J. Liu, J. Yuan, and L. Z. Fan, Alignment of graphene sheets in wax composites for electromagnetic interference shielding improvement, Nanotechnology 24(11), 115708 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    W. L. Song, M. S. Cao, M. M. Lu, S. Bi, C. Y. Wang, J. Liu, J. Yuan, and L. Z. Fan, Flexible graphene/polymer composite films in sandwich structures for effective electromagnetic interference shielding, Carbon 66, 67 (2014)Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    N. Yousefi, X. Sun, X. Lin, X. Shen, J. Jia, B. Zhang, B. Tang, M. Chan, and J. K. Kim, Highly aligned graphene/polymer nanocomposites with excellent dielectric properties for high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding, Adv. Mater. 26(31), 5480 (2014)Google Scholar
  89. 89.
    A. P. Singh, M. Mishra, D. P. Hashim, T. N. Narayanan, M. G. Hahm, P. Kumar, J. Dwivedi, G. Kedawat, A. Gupta, B. P. Singh, A. Chandra, R. Vajtai, S. K. Dhawan, P. M. Ajayan, and B. K. Gupta, Probing the engineered sandwich network of vertically aligned carbon nanotube-reduced graphene oxide composites for high performance electromagnetic interference shielding applications, Carbon 85, 79 (2015)Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    H. L. Lv, Z. H. Yang, P. L. Wang, G. B. Ji, J. Z. Song, L. R. Zheng, H. B. Zeng, and Z. C. J. Xu, A voltage-boosting strategy enabling a low-frequency, flexible electromagnetic wave absorption device, Adv. Mater. 30(15), 1706343 (2018)Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    J. Feng, Y. Hou, Y. Wang, and L. Li, Synthesis of hierarchical ZnFe2O4@SiO2@rGO core-shell microspheres for enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(16), 14103 (2017)Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    Y. F. Pan, G. S. Wang, and Y. H. Yue, Fabrication of Fe3O4@SiO2@rGO nanocomposites and their excellent absorption properties with low filler content, RSC Advances 5(88), 71718 (2015)Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    S. Li, Y. Huang, X. Ding, N. Zhang, M. Zong, M. Wang, and J. Liu, Synthesis of core-shell FeCo@SiO2 particles coated with the reduced graphene oxide as an efficient broadband electromagnetic wave absorber, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28(21), 15782 (2017)Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    X. Liu, L. S. Wang, Y. Ma, Y. Qiu, Q. Xie, Y. Chen, and D. L. Peng, Facile synthesis and microwave absorption properties of yolk-shell ZnO-Ni-C/RGO composite materials, Chem. Eng. J. 333, 92 (2018)Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    D. X. Yan, H. Pang, B. Li, R. Vajtai, L. Xu, P. G. Ren, J. H. Wang, and Z. M. Li, Structured reduced graphene oxide/polymer composites for ultra-efficient electromagnetic interference shielding, Adv. Funct. Mater. 25(4), 559 (2015)Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    X. Jian, B. Wu, Y. Wei, S. X. Dou, X. Wang, W. He, and N. Mahmood, Facile synthesis of Fe3O4/GCS composites and their enhanced microwave absorption properties, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(9), 6101 (2016)Google Scholar
  97. 97.
    Q. Song, F. Ye, X. Yin, W. Li, H. Li, Y. Liu, K. Li, K. Xie, X. Li, Q. Fu, L. Cheng, L. Zhang, and B. Wei, Carbon nanotube-multilayered graphene edge plane core-shell hybrid foams for ultrahigh-performance electromagnetic-interference shielding, Adv. Mater. 29(31), 1701583 (2017)Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    L. Wang, Y. Huang, C. Li, J. J. Chen, and X. Sun, Hierarchical graphene@Fe3O4 nanocluster@carbon@MnO2 nanosheet array composites: Synthesis and microwave absorption performance, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 17(8), 5878 (2015)Google Scholar
  99. 99.
    X. M. Bian, L. Liu, H. B. Li, C. Y. Wang, Q. Xie, Q. L. Zhao, S. Bi, and Z. L. Hou, Construction of threedimensional graphene interfaces into carbon fiber textiles for increasing deposition of nickel nanoparticles: Flexible hierarchical magnetic textile composites for strong electromagnetic shielding, Nanotechnology 28(4), 045710 (2017)ADSGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Y. Wang, Y. Fu, X. Wu, W. Zhang, Q. Wang, and J. Li, Synthesis of hierarchical core-shell NiFe2O4@MnO2 composite microspheres decorated graphene nanosheet for enhanced microwave absorption performance, Ceram. Int. 43(14), 11367 (2017)Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    X. Zhang, Y. Huang, X. Chen, C. Li, and J. Chen, Hierarchical structures of graphene@CoFe2O4@SiO2@TiO2 nanosheets: Synthesis and excellent microwave absorption properties, Mater. Lett. 158, 380 (2015)Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    H. L. Yu, T. S. Wang, B. Wen, M. M. Lu, Z. Xu, C. L. Zhu, Y. J. Chen, X. Y. Xue, C. W. Sun, and M. S. Cao, Graphene/polyaniline nanorod arrays: Synthesis and excellent electromagnetic absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. 22(40), 21679 (2012)Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Y. L. Ren, C. L. Zhu, S. Zhang, C. Y. Li, Y. J. Chen, P. Gao, P. P. Yang, and Q. Y. Ouyang, Three-dimensional SiO2@Fe3O4 core/shell nanorod array/graphene architecture: Synthesis and electromagnetic absorption properties, Nanoscale 5(24), 12296 (2013)ADSGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    B. Shen, Y. Li, W. Zhai, and W. Zheng, Compressible graphene-coated polymer foams with ultralow density for adjustable electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(12), 8050 (2016)Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    V. Eswaraiah, V. Sankaranarayanan, and S. Ramaprabhu, Functionalized graphene-PVDF foam composites for EMI shielding, Macromol. Mater. Eng. 296(10), 894 (2011)Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    H. B. Zhang, Q. Yan, W. G. Zheng, Z. He, and Z. Z. Yu, Tough graphene-polymer microcellular foams for electromagnetic interference shielding, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3(3), 918 (2011)Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    D. X. Yan, P. G. Ren, H. Pang, Q. Fu, M. B. Yang, and Z. M. Li, Efficient electromagnetic interference shielding of lightweight graphene/polystyrene composite, J. Mater. Chem. 22(36), 18772 (2012)Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    H. Zhang, A. J. Xie, C. P. Wang, H. S. Wang, Y. H. Shen, and X. Y. Tian, Novel RGO/alpha-Fe2O3 composite hydrogel: Synthesis, characterization and high performance of electromagnetic wave absorption, J. Mater. Chem. A 1(30), 8547 (2013)Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    W. L. Song, X. T. Guan, L. Z. Fan, W. Q. Cao, C. Y. Wang, and M. S. Cao, Tuning three-dimensional textures with graphene aerogels for ultra-light flexible graphene/texture composites of effective electromagnetic shielding, Carbon 93, 151 (2015)Google Scholar
  110. 110.
    F. Wu, A. M. Xie, M. X. Sun, Y. Wang, and M. Y. Wang, Reduced graphene oxide (rGO) modified spongelike polypyrrole (PPy) aerogel for excellent electromagnetic absorption, J. Mater. Chem. A 3(27), 14358 (2015)Google Scholar
  111. 111.
    Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, T. F. Zhang, H. C. Chang, P. S. Xiao, H. H. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, and Y. S. Chen, Broadband and tunable high-performance microwave absorption of an ultralight and highly compressible graphene foam, Adv. Mater. 27(12), 2049 (2015)Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    B. Shen, Y. Li, D. Yi, W. Zhai, X. Wei, and W. Zheng, Microcellular graphene foam for improved broadband electromagnetic interference shielding, Carbon 102, 154 (2016)Google Scholar
  113. 113.
    B. Shen, W. Zhai, M. Tao, J. Ling, and W. Zheng, Lightweight, multifunctional polyetherimide/ graphene@Fe3O4 composite foams for shielding of electromagnetic pollution, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(21), 11383 (2013)Google Scholar
  114. 114.
    Y. Zhang, Y. Huang, H. H. Chen, Z. Y. Huang, Y. Yang, P. S. Xiao, Y. Zhou, and Y. S. Chen, Composition and structure control of ultralight graphene foam for highperformance microwave absorption, Carbon 105, 438 (2016)Google Scholar
  115. 115.
    Z. Chen, C. Xu, C. Ma, W. Ren, and H. M. Cheng, Lightweight and flexible graphene foam composites for high-performance electromagnetic interference shielding, Adv. Mater. 25(9), 1296 (2013)Google Scholar
  116. 116.
    J. Ling, W. Zhai, W. Feng, B. Shen, J. Zhang, and W. G. Zheng, Facile preparation of lightweight microcellular polyetherimide/graphene composite foams for electromagnetic interference shielding, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(7), 2677 (2013)Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    J. He, P. Lyu, and P. Nachtigall, New two-dimensional Mn-based MXenes with room temperature ferromagnetism and half-metallicity, J. Mater. Chem. C 4(47), 11143 (2016)Google Scholar
  118. 118.
    F. Shahzad, M. Alhabeb, C. B. Hatter, B. Anasori, S. Man Hong, C. M. Koo, and Y. Gogotsi, Electromagnetic interference shielding with 2D transition metal carbides (MXenes), Science 353(6304), 1137 (2016)ADSGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    M. Han, X. Yin, H. Wu, Z. Hou, C. Song, X. Li, L. Zhang, and L. Cheng, Ti3C2 mxenes with modified surface for high-performance electromagnetic absorption and shielding in the X-band, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(32), 21011 (2016)Google Scholar
  120. 120.
    Y. Qing, W. Zhou, F. Luo, and D. Zhu, Titanium carbide (mxene) nanosheets as promising microwave absorbers, Ceram. Int. 42(14), 16412 (2016)Google Scholar
  121. 121.
    W. L. Feng, H. Luo, Y. Wang, S. F. Zeng, L. W. Deng, X. S. Zhou, H. B. Zhang, and S. M. Peng, Ti3C2 mxene: A promising microwave absorbing material, RSC Advances 8(5), 2398 (2018)Google Scholar
  122. 122.
    J. Liu, H. B. Zhang, R. Sun, Y. Liu, Z. Liu, A. Zhou, and Z. Z. Yu, Hydrophobic, flexible, and lightweight MXene foams for high-performance electromagneticinterference shielding, Adv. Mater. 29(38), 1702367 (2017)Google Scholar
  123. 123.
    R. H. Sun, H. B. Zhang, J. Liu, X. Xie, R. Yang, Y. Li, S. Hong, and Z. Z. Yu, Highly conductive transition metal carbide/carbonitride(MXene)@polystyrene nanocomposites fabricated by electrostatic assembly for highly efficient electromagnetic interference shielding, Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(45), 1702807 (2017)Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    X. L. Li, X. W. Yin, M. K. Han, C. Q. Song, H. L. Xu, Z. X. Hou, L. T. Zhang, and L. F. Cheng, Ti3C2 mxenes modified with in situ grown carbon nanotubes for enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties, J. Mater. Chem. C 5(16), 4068 (2017)Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Y. B. Li, X. Zhou, J. Wang, Q. H. Deng, M. A. Li, S. Y. Du, Y. H. Han, J. Lee, and Q. Huang, Facile preparation of in situ coated Ti3C2Tx/Ni0.5Zn0.5Fe2O4 composites and their electromagnetic performance, RSC Advances 7(40), 24698 (2017)Google Scholar
  126. 126.
    Y. Qian, H. W. Wei, J. D. Dong, Y. Z. Du, X. J. Fang, W. H. Zheng, Y. T. Sun, and Z. X. Jiang, Fabrication of urchin-like ZnO-MXene nanocomposites for high-performance electromagnetic absorption, Ceram. Int. 43(14), 10757 (2017)Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Y. Qing, H. Nan, F. Luo, and W. Zhou, Nitrogen-doped graphene and titanium carbide nanosheet synergistically reinforced epoxy composites as high-performance microwave absorbers, RSC Advances 7(44), 27755 (2017)Google Scholar
  128. 128.
    H. B. Yang, J. J. Dai, X. Liu, Y. Lin, J. J. Wang, L. Wang, and F. Wang, Layered PVB/Ba3Co2Fe24O41/Ti3C2 mxene composite: Enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties with high impedance match in a wide frequency range, Mater. Chem. Phys. 200, 179 (2017)Google Scholar
  129. 129.
    M. K. Han, X. W. Yin, X. L. Li, B. Anasori, L. T. Zhang, L. F. Cheng, and Y. Gogotsi, Laminated and two-dimensional carbon-supported microwave absorbers derived from mxenes, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(23), 20038 (2017)Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    X. Li, X. Yin, M. Han, C. Song, X. Sun, H. Xu, L. Cheng, and L. Zhang, A controllable heterogeneous structure and electromagnetic wave absorption properties of Ti2CTx mxene, J. Mater. Chem. C 5(30), 7621 (2017)Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    X. Liang, X. Zhang, W. Liu, D. Tang, B. Zhang, and G. Ji, A simple hydrothermal process to grow MoS2 nanosheets with excellent dielectric loss and microwave absorption performance, J. Mater. Chem. C 4(28), 6816 (2016)Google Scholar
  132. 132.
    X. J. Zhang, S. Li, S. W. Wang, Z. J. Yin, J. Q. Zhu, A. P. Guo, G. S. Wang, P. G. Yin, and L. Guo, Selfsupported construction of three-dimensional MoS2 hierarchical nanospheres with tunable high-performance microwave absorption in broadband, J Phys. Chem. C 120(38), 22019 (2016)Google Scholar
  133. 133.
    B. Quan, X. Liang, G. Xu, Y. Cheng, Y. Zhang, W. Liu, G. Ji, and Y. Du, A permittivity regulating strategy to achieve high-performance electromagnetic wave absorbers with compatibility of impedance matching and energy conservation, New J. Chem. 41(3), 1259 (2017)Google Scholar
  134. 134.
    L. Bai, Y. Wang, F. Li, D. An, Z. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Enhanced electromagnetic wave absorption properties of MoS2-graphene hybrid nanosheets prepared by a hydrothermal method, J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 84(1), 104 (2017)Google Scholar
  135. 135.
    A. Xie, M. Sun, K. Zhang, W. Jiang, F. Wu, and M. He, In situ growth of MoS2 nanosheets on reduced graphene oxide (rGO) surfaces: Interfacial enhancement of absorbing performance against electromagnetic pollution, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 18(36), 24931 (2016)Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Y. Wang, D. Chen, X. Yin, P. Xu, F. Wu, and M. He, Hybrid of MoS2 and reduced graphene oxide: A lightweight and broadband electromagnetic wave absorber, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 7(47), 26226 (2015)Google Scholar
  137. 137.
    X. Wang, W. Zhang, X. Ji, B. Zhang, M. Yu, W. Zhang, and J. Liu, 2D MoS2/graphene composites with excellent full Ku band microwave absorption, RSC Advances 6(108), 106187 (2016)Google Scholar
  138. 138.
    X. Ding, Y. Huang, S. Li, N. Zhang, and J. Wang, 3D architecture reduced graphene oxide-MoS2 composite: Preparation and excellent electromagnetic wave absorption performance, Compos. Part A: Appl. Sci. Manuf. 90, 424 (2016)Google Scholar
  139. 139.
    Y. Sun, W. Zhong, Y. Wang, X. Xu, T. Wang, L. Wu, and Y. Du, MoS2-based mixed-dimensional van der waals heterostructures: A new platform for excellent and controllable microwave-absorption performance, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 9(39), 34243 (2017)Google Scholar
  140. 140.
    X. J. Zhang, S. W. Wang, G. S. Wang, Z. Li, A. P. Guo, J. Q. Zhu, D. P. Liu, and P. G. Yin, Facile synthesis of NiS2@MoS2 core-shell nanospheres for effective enhancement in microwave absorption, RSC Advances 7(36), 22454 (2017)Google Scholar
  141. 141.
    W. L. Zhang, D. Jiang, X. Wang, B. N. Hao, Y. D. Liu, and J. Liu, Growth of polyaniline nanoneedles on MoS2 nanosheets, tunable electroresponse, and electromagnetic wave attenuation analysis, J Phys. Chem. C 121(9), 4989 (2017)Google Scholar
  142. 142.
    X. Ding, Y. Huang, S. Li, N. Zhang, and J. Wang, FeNi3 nanoalloy decorated on 3d architecture composite of reduced graphene oxide/molybdenum disulfide giving excellent electromagnetic wave absorption properties, J. Alloys Compd. 689, 208 (2016)Google Scholar
  143. 143.
    A. P. Guo, X. J. Zhang, S. W. Wang, J. Q. Zhu, L. Yang, and G. S. Wang, Excellent microwave absorption and electromagnetic interference shielding based on reduced graphene oxide@MoS2/poly(vinylidene fluoride) composites, ChemPlusChem 81(12), 1305 (2016)Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    M. Li, X. Cao, S. Zheng, and S. Qi, Ternary composites RGO/MoS2@Fe3O4: Synthesis and enhanced electromagnetic wave absorbing performance, J. Mater. Sci.: Mater. Electron. 28(22), 16802 (2017)Google Scholar
  145. 145.
    M. Osada and T. Sasaki, Two-dimensional dielectric nanosheets: Novel nanoelectronics from nanocrystal building blocks, Adv. Mater. 24(2), 210 (2012)Google Scholar
  146. 146.
    R. Z. Ma and T. Sasaki, Two-dimensional oxide and hydroxide nanosheets: Controllable high-quality exfoliation, molecular assembly, and exploration of functionality, Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 136 (2015)Google Scholar
  147. 147.
    M. P. Gashti and S. Eslami, Structural, optical and electromagnetic properties of aluminum-clay nanocomposites, Superlattices Microstruct. 51(1), 135 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    E. Y. Salih, Z. Abbas, S. H. H. Al Ali, and M. Z. Hussein, Dielectric behaviour of Zn/Al-NO3 LDHs filled with polyvinyl chloride composite at low microwave frequencies, Adv. Mater. Sci. Eng. 2014, 1 (2014)Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    F. Z. Lv, Y. Y. Wu, Y. H. Zhang, J. W. Shang, and P. K. Chu, Structure and magnetic properties of soft organic ZnAl-LDH/polyimide electromagnetic shielding composites, J. Mater. Sci. 47(4), 2033 (2012)ADSGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    M. Parvinzadeh, and S. Eslami, Optical and electromagnetic characteristics of clay-iron oxide nanocomposites, Res. Chem. Intermed. 37(7), 771 (2011)Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    B. Quan, X. H. Liang, G. B. Ji, J. Lv, S. S. Dai, G. Y. Xu, and Y. W. Du, Laminated graphene oxidesupported high-efficiency microwave absorber fabricated by an in-situ growth approach, Carbon 129, 310 (2018)Google Scholar
  152. 152.
    H. Lv, H. Zhang, and G. Ji, Development of novel graphene/g-C3N4 composite with broad-frequency and light-weight features, Part. Part. Syst. Charact. 33(9), 656 (2016)Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    A. Murk and I. Zivkovic, Boron nitride loading for thermal conductivity improvement of composite microwave absorbers, Electron. Lett. 48(18), 1130 (2012)Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Y. Kang, Z. Jiang, T. Ma, Z. Chu, and G. Li, Hybrids of reduced graphene oxide and hexagonal boron nitride: Lightweight absorbers with tunable and highly efficient microwave attenuation properties, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(47), 32468 (2016)Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    X. Zhang, X. Zhang, M. Yang, S. Yang, H. Wu, S. Guo, and Y. Wang, Ordered multilayer film of (graphene oxide/polymer and boron nitride/polymer) nanocomposites: An ideal EMI shielding material with excellent electrical insulation and high thermal conductivity, Compos. Sci. Technol. 136, 104 (2016)Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    F. Wu, A. Xie, M. X. Sun, W. C. Jiang, and K. Zhang, Few-layer black phosphorus: A bright future in electromagnetic absorption, Mater. Lett. 193, 30 (2017)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Beijing Research and Development Center, the 54th Research InstituteElectronics Technology Group CorporationBeijingChina
  3. 3.School of Instrumentation Science and Opto-electronics EngineeringBeihang UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringYangzhou UniversityYangzhouChina
  5. 5.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCity University of Hong KongHong KongChina

Personalised recommendations