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Frontiers of Physics

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 323–350 | Cite as

Nanomaterials for electrochemical energy storage

  • Nian Liu
  • Weiyang Li
  • Mauro Pasta
  • Yi CuiEmail author
Review Article

Abstract

The development of nanotechnology in the past two decades has generated great capability of controlling materials at the nanometer scale and has enabled exciting opportunities to design materials with desirable electronic, ionic, photonic, and mechanical properties. This development has also contributed to the advance in energy storage, which is a critical technology in this century. In this article, we will review how the rational design of nanostructured materials has addressed the challenges of batteries and electrochemical capacitors and led to high-performance electrochemical energy storage devices. Four specific material systems will be discussed: i) nanostructured alloy anodes for Li-batteries, ii) nanostructured sulfur cathodes for Li-batteries, iii) nanoporous openframework battery electrodes, and iv) nanostructured electrodes for electrochemical capacitors.

Keywords

nanomaterial energy storage silicon anode sulfur cathode stationary battery electrochemical capacitors 

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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringStanford UniversityStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Stanford Institute for Materials and Energy SciencesSLAC National Accelerator LaboratoryMenlo ParkUSA

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