A return to intellectual history: A new approach to pre-Qin discourse on name
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- Cao, F. Front. Philos. China (2008) 3: 213. doi:10.1007/s11466-008-0014-x
Discussions of name (ming, 名) during the pre-Qin and Qin-Han period of Chinese history were very active. The concept ming at that time can be divided into two categories, one is the ethical-political meaning of the term and the other is the linguistic-logical understanding. The former far exceeds the latter in terms of overall influence on the development of Chinese intellectual history. But it is the latter that has received the most attention in the 20th century, due to the influence of Western logic. This has led to the result of a bias in the contemporary studies of ming. Changing course by returning to the correct path of intellectual history can providing an objective and thorough ordering of the pre-Qin discourse on ming.
KeywordsChinese philosophy pre-Qin ming discourse Western logic Chinese traditional intellectual history
战国秦汉时期对 “名” 的讨论极为活跃。 当时的 “名” 可以分为两类, 即伦理学、 政治学意义上的 “名” 与语言学、 逻辑学意义上的 “名” 。 前者对中国古代思想史影响之大远远超过后者, 但由于受二十世纪初传入中国的西方逻辑学的影响, 以往的先秦名学研究只重视后者, 未对前者展开过系统研究, 这使名学研究偏离了思想史的实态。 因此应转换方向, 回归于思想史的正途, 对先秦名学重新作出 客观全面的梳理。