Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 198–210 | Cite as

A systematic review of current and emergent manipulator control approaches

  • Syed Ali Ajwad
  • Jamshed IqbalEmail author
  • Muhammad Imran Ullah
  • Adeel Mehmood
Review Article


Pressing demands of productivity and accuracy in today’s robotic applications have highlighted an urge to replace classical control strategies with their modern control counterparts. This recent trend is further justified by the fact that the robotic manipulators have complex nonlinear dynamic structure with uncertain parameters. Highlighting the authors’ research achievements in the domain of manipulator design and control, this paper presents a systematic and comprehensive review of the state-of-the-art control techniques that find enormous potential in controlling manipulators to execute cuttingedge applications. In particular, three kinds of strategies, i.e., intelligent proportional-integral-derivative (PID) scheme, robust control and adaptation based approaches, are reviewed. Future trend in the subject area is commented. Open-source simulators to facilitate controller design are also tabulated. With a comprehensive list of references, it is anticipated that the review will act as a firsthand reference for researchers, engineers and industrialinterns to realize the control laws for multi-degree of freedom (DOF) manipulators.


robot control robust and nonlinear control adaptive control intelligent control industrial manipulators robotic arm 


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Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syed Ali Ajwad
    • 1
  • Jamshed Iqbal
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Imran Ullah
    • 1
  • Adeel Mehmood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringCOMSATS Institute of Information TechnologyIslamabadPakistan

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