Frontiers of Law in China

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 178–195 | Cite as

On public domain in copyright law

Research Article

Abstract

Public domain is a core rule of copyright law, under which various creative materials are available for an author to use without charge or liability for infringement, hence ensuring the effective implementation of copyright law. Public domain is characterized by openness, public ownership, irrevocability and formality. Based on the premise that the author’s work will not be interfered, public domain ultimately aims at the enlargement of its own universe and prosperity of the culture of human society. Its introduction into copyright law satisfies both historical and logical demands. Without its acknowledgement, copyright cannot be justified. In that sense, public domain and copyright can be deemed as twins. Public domain is not only an existing institution, but also an ideological tendency or a methodology. It has evaluative and inspective values towards copyright. It is an important precondition of copy-rights, and what is more, an important measure for controlling the expansion and realizing the purpose of copyright.

Keywords

concept of public domain naissance of public domain function of public domain 

摘要

公共领域是版权法的核心, 它是保证作者有效运用各种创作素材从而使版权的其余部分得以良好运转的工具。 公共领域具有开放性、 有主性、 不可撤销性和程序性等特征, 它以保证作者的创作为前提, 却最终以自身的不断扩大和人类社会的文化繁衍为依归。 公共领域在版权法上的生成既是历史的, 更是逻辑的。 没有公共领域的被承认, 也就没有版权的正当性可言, 因此公共领域和版权实际上一同诞生。 公共领域不仅是一种制度存在物, 它更是一种思想倾向和方法论, 公共领域对版权具有评价和检视功能, 它既是版权运行的重要前提, 又是控制版权扩张和实现版权目的的重要手段。

关键词

公共领域的概念 公共领域的诞生 公共领域的功能 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Benkler Y (1999). Free as the Air to Common Use: First Amendment Constrains on Enclosure of the Public Domain. 74 New York University Law Review, 361Google Scholar
  2. Bollier D (2002). Why the Public Domain Matters? Harvard University Press, 356Google Scholar
  3. Boyle J (2003). The Opposite of Property? 66 Law & Contemp. Prob., 5Google Scholar
  4. Boyle J (2003). The Second Enclosure Movement and the Construction of the Public Domain. 66 Law & Contemp. Prob., 71Google Scholar
  5. Brewer J, Staves S (1995). Early Modern Conceptions of Property. London: Routledge, 108Google Scholar
  6. Caenegem W V (2002). The Public Domain: Scientia Nullius EIPR, 24(6): 324–330Google Scholar
  7. Chiang Y C (2005). The Diminishing Public Domain with regard to the Copyright in the Digital Age. Study on Information Society, (9): 248Google Scholar
  8. Cobbett W (1813). XVII The Parliamentary History of England, co1. 999. London: R. Bragshaw, 1000Google Scholar
  9. Coquillette D R (1979). Mosses from an Old Manse: Another Look at Some Historic Property Cases about the Environment. 64. CORNELL. L. REV., 807Google Scholar
  10. Deazley R (2006). Rethinking Copyright: History, Theory, Language. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, Inc., 112, 132Google Scholar
  11. Feng Xiaoqing (2006). Interest Balance in Intellectual Property Law. Beijing: CUPSL Press, 689Google Scholar
  12. Lessig L (2004). Ginsburg J C (2006). “Une Chose Publique”? The Author’s Domain and the Public Domain in Early British, French and US Copyright Law, 65 The Cambridge Law Journal, 638Google Scholar
  13. Huang Hui (2005). Dilemma and solution of interest balance in copyright law. China Copyright, (5): 46Google Scholar
  14. Lange D (1981). RecogCode, and Other Laws of Cyberspace. In Chinese, Yuan Yong, trans. Beijing: CITIC Press, 166Google Scholar
  15. Liang Feng (2007). Knowledge and Freedom — Study on Hayek’s political philosophy. Beijing: Intellectual Property Publishing House, 15Google Scholar
  16. Litman J (1990). The Public Domain. 39 Emory Law Journal, 966, 976, 977Google Scholar
  17. Macaulay T B (1897). A Speech Delivered in the House of Commons (1841-2–5), in VIII The Life and Works of Lord Macaulay. London: Longmans, Green, and co., 199Google Scholar
  18. North D, Thomas R (1999). The Rise of the Western World. In Chinese, Li Yiping, Cai Jia, trans. Beijing: Huaxia Publishing House, 184Google Scholar
  19. Ochoa T T (2002). Origins and Meanings of Public Domain. 28 University of Damon Law Review, 234, 240, 257, 259, 262-263Google Scholar
  20. Patterson L R, Lindberg S W (1991). The Nature of Copyright: A Law of Users Rights, 50Google Scholar
  21. Rose C M (2003). Romans, Roads, and Romantic Creators: Traditions of Public Property in the Information Age. 66 Law & Contemp. Prob., 89Google Scholar
  22. Rose M (2003). Nine-Tenths of the Law: The English Copyright Debates and the Rhetoric of the Public Domain. 66 Law & Contemp. Probs., 77Google Scholar
  23. Samuels E (1993). The Public Domain and Copyright Law. 41 Journal of the Copyright Society, 137, 138Google Scholar
  24. Sherman B, Bently L (2006). The Making of Modern Intellectual Property Law: The British Experience, 1760–1911. In Chinese, Jin Haijun, trans. Beijing: Peking University Press, 11–13Google Scholar
  25. Shortt J (1871). The Law Relating to the Works of Literature and Art. London: Horace Cox, 80Google Scholar
  26. Subcomm H R (1995). On Cts. & Intel1. Prop. of the Jud. Comm., Copy Term, Film Labeling, and Film Preservation Legislation — Hearing On H.R. 989, H.R.1248, and H.R.1743, 10th Cong. 1995-6-1Google Scholar
  27. Wang Taiping, Huang Xian (2006). Authoritative Interpretation of the Statute of Anne: Cases of Millar and Donaldson (UK). Electronic Intellectual Property, (4): 51Google Scholar
  28. Williams S H (1997). A Feminist Reassessment of Civil Society. 72 Indiana Law Journal, 126Google Scholar
  29. Wu Handong (2008). Contribution of the ancient Roman law to intellectual property right. http://www.civillaw.com.cn/article/default/, 2008-1-17
  30. Yen A C (1990). Restoring the Natural Law: Copyright as Labor and Possession. 51 Ohio State Law Journal, 517Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Higher Education Press and Springer-Verlag GmbH 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Civil and Commercial LawSouthwest University of Political Science and LawChongqingChina

Personalised recommendations